Download Lesson 2: Life in Ancient Egypt

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Transcript
1. What are the four major eras of history?
2. ***What do each of these historians study?
A. Archaeologist—
B. Paleontologist—
C. Anthropologist—
1. ***Besides the term A.D., what other term might historians use to
classify years that occurred during the life of OR after the death
of Jesus Christ?
2. ***What are the four characteristics that all civilizations share?
3. List TWO ways that Paleolithic people were different from
Neolithic people.
CONCEPT REVIEW #1
Government & Religion in Ancient Egypt
***Notes***
• During the Old Kingdom period, Egypt was a THEOCRACY. This
means that one all-powerful ruler was responsible for the nation’s
political AND religious affairs.
• Egyptians were fiercely loyal to their PHARAOH (the title given to the
ruler) because they believed that the unity of their kingdom
depended upon his strong rule. They also believed that he was the
son of Re, the Egyptian sun god.
• The pharaoh held total power AND owned all the land in Egypt.
There was NO such thing as private property.
• To make his job more manageable, the pharaoh appointed
BUREAUCRATS to help him rule/govern. The bureaucrats would
supervise construction and collect taxes.
• The ancient Egyptians believed that their gods/goddesses controlled
both natural forces and human activities.
• The ancient Egyptians believed that the afterlife would be better
than their present life.
• Amon-Ra—god of the sun; chief god
• Osiris—god of the dead; ruler of the underworld; husband of Isis
• Thoth—god of learning
• Bast—goddess of cats
• Set—god of chaos, evil, deserts, and storms
• Horus—god of the sky AND war
• Hathor—goddess of love
• Isis—goddess of magic, marriage, healing, AND motherhood; wife
of Osiris
• Anubis—god of embalming and the dead
• Hapi—god of the Nile River
Egyptian Gods & Goddesses
The Embalming Process
The History of Mummification
FLY SWATTER GAME
ANUBIS
BUREAUCRAT
EMBALMING
DYNASTY
LOWER EGYPT
THEOCRACY
OLD KINGDOM
NARMER
PHARAOH
HYMN TO THE NILE
INUNDATION
UPPER EGYPT
AMON-RA
CATARACT
NILE RIVER