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5th Grade History Study Guide: Chap. 7; Cont. Study 2, Geogr. Facts 8; Map A3
Test Date: _11/18
Be able to identify the following on a world map:
Upper Egypt, Lower Egypt, Memphis, Sinai Peninsula, Mt. Sinai, Nile River, Thebes
1. Hieroglyphics is an ancient Egyptian writing using pictures to represent objects.
2. A vizier was second in command to the Egyptian king.
3. Also known as the “Gift of the Nile.”
4. An obelisk is a tall pointed pillar representing the sun god Ra.
5. The Great Pyramid was the large structure built as a tomb for King Khufu.
6. Pharaoh is the title given to an Egyptian king.
7. The Sahara Desert covers most of Egypt.
8. Menes was the king who united Upper and Lower Egypt.
9. Hatshepsut was the only female pharaoh in ancient Egypt.
10. Akhenaton was the first pharaoh.
11. The Valley of the Kings is the area near Thebes where the tombs of many pharaohs have
been found.
12. Joseph is a Bible character who became a vizier.
13. Tutankhamen is the king whose tomb revealed much about ancient Egypt.
14. Egypt declined in power because they had no iron to make strong weapons.
Cataracts are a rock bed piled high in a river creating small waterfalls.
A famine is time of serious shortage of food.
A mummy is a body wrapped and preserved for eternal life.
Papyrus was the world’s first paper-like material.
The secretary to the ruler in a court is called a scribe.
A delta is a buildup of loose sand and soil at the mouth of a river.
The irrigation device used by the Egyptians was called the shadoof.
A Sphinx is a monument with the head of a man and the body, legs, paws of a lion that
stands near the pyramids.
9. The Rosetta Stone was the key to unlocking ancient Egyptian writing.
Geography Facts:
1. A valley is a low land between hills or mountains.
2. Africa is the world’s second largest continent.
3. Sahara is the world’s largest desert.
4. The highest mountain in Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro.
5. A mountain is a landform that rises higher than a hill.
6. A plateau is a highland plain.
7. The world’s longest river is the Nile.
8. A plain is a flat or level area of land.
Discussion Questions:
What two landforms gave special protection to Egypt? How did they provide this protection?
Describe each of the three Egyptian seasons? ________________________________________