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Transcript
Ancient
Egypt
Vocabulary
– tool developed by Egyptian farmers.
It was a bucket attached to a long pole
that lifts water from the Nile and
empties into basins
Shadoof
– reed plant that grew wild along the
Nile River. They used the long, thin
reeds to weave rope, sandals, baskets,
and river rafts. Used to make paper.
Papyrus
Hieroglyphics
The
Ancient
Egyptian
writing
system
Import
Goods
brought In
to your
area by
other
regions
Old Kingdom
A period of
Egyptian
history that
lasted from
2700 BC- 2200
BC when Egypt
attained its
first
continuous
peak of
civilization in
complexity and
achievement
Trade
Network
A system of
people in
different
lands who
trade
goods
Delta
A triangle
shaped
area of
land made
of soil
deposited
by a river
Pharaoh
The title
used by the
rulers of
Egypt,
means
“Great
House”
New
Kingdom
The period during
which Egypt
reached the
height of its
power and glory..
with which most
of us are familiar
because of the
famous Pharaohs
who reigned
during this era
including King Tut.
Nile River
The longest
river in the
world. The
lifeblood of
Ancient
Egypt.
Rosetta Stone
A stone slab
inscribed with
hieroglyphics
that provided
the key to the
modern
understanding
of Egyptian
hieroglyphs.
Sphinxes
Imaginary
creatures
with the
bodies of
lions and
the heads of
other
animals or
humans
Dynasty
A series of
rulers from
the same
family
Pyramids
Large stone
pointed
structure
with four
triangle walls
that met in a
point on
top…built as
tombs for the
pharaohs and
their queens
– the technology of
metals; the process
of mining, refining,
mixing, and shaping
metals. Egypt and
Kush(Nubia) was
very rich in gold.
Metallurgy
Nobles
People
from rich
or
powerful
families
Middle
Kingdom
A period of
order and
stability that
lasted until
about 1750 BC
noted by the
reuniting of
Upper and
Lower Egypt,
setting the stage
for a second
great flowering
of Egyptian
culture
– the process of treating a body to
keep it from decaying after death;
preparing a body for the afterlife.
Embalming
Export
Goods that
Exit your
area to
other
regions
– government officials that carried out
the pharaoh’s orders. They supervised
construction of dams, irrigation canals,
and granaries (places used to store
grain from surplus of harvest)
Bureaucracy
a government in which the same
person is both the political leader
and the religious leader
Theocracy
– steep cliffs and large
boulders form
dangerous, fast-moving
waters
Cataracts
– to bring together as one
Unify
Mummies
Special
treated
(preserved)
bodies
wrapped in
cloth so
they could
use them in
the afterlife.
Trade
Routes
Paths
followed by
traders by
land and
water
Afterlife
An
important
part of
Egyptian
religion…it
was the
continued
life of one’s
soul after
death