Download Restoration PPT - Westerville City Schools

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Stage lighting wikipedia, lookup

Theatre of the Oppressed wikipedia, lookup

Augsburger Puppenkiste wikipedia, lookup

Theater (structure) wikipedia, lookup

History of theatre wikipedia, lookup

Actor wikipedia, lookup

Theatre of France wikipedia, lookup

Medieval theatre wikipedia, lookup

Duke's Company wikipedia, lookup

English Renaissance theatre wikipedia, lookup

England 1660
 King Charles II and his court returned to England from exile in France and attempted to adapt
services of theatre to his needs.
 He authorized 2 dramatists, Thomas Killegrew and Sir William D’Avenant, to form 2 acting
 Their audiences were courtiers and their servants as well as the middle class.
Theatre Royal – remodeled now
Theatre Royal, Drury
 This created a unique theatrical form: “Restoration Comedy”
 Focused on adventures of “people of quality” and reflected their
manners, humor and interests.
 Verbal Wit was essential and was used to satirize this class and its
 Often sexually explicit.
 Contained up-to-the-minute topical writing
 Women were cast in female roles.
 Nell Gwynn – considered first professional actress
 She was also the mistress of King Charles II.
 Nearly 25% of all plays produced in London
included women in “breeches roles” (women wore
tight-fitting knee length pants and played the role
of a man). It gave them the freedom to behave
like men.
Bernhardt in a
Breeches Role
 Acting Schools were established.
 Actors developed greater realism than before (although still not like
modern realism).
 Thomas Betterton played every great male part from 1660 into the
 Banquet halls in palaces were redesigned to accommodate performances.
 Since most English Renaissance theatres were gone (like the Globe) new English
theatres were more like the French and Italian theatres – they had proscenium
stages with large aprons.
 Backdrops could be raised or lowered.
 Act Curtains were used for the first time in England.
 Stage floors had grooves for sliding “flats” or “shutters” back and forth for scenery.
 The floor was raked away from the audience for perspective.
 Lighting came from chandeliers of candles over the apron and footlights of candles
along the front of the stage. (No more open roofs like The Globe).
 Aphra Behn (1640-1689)
 One of the first professional women writers
 She worked as a spy for the British Crown
 Produced 19 plays, some bawdy topics
 In spite of her literary success, she died in poverty
 Most famous play called: “Oroonoko” - 1688
 William Wycherley (1640-1715)
 The Country Wife - 1675
 William Congreve (1670-1729)
 The Way of the World - 1700
 Oliver Goldsmith (1730-1774)
 She Stoops to Conquer – 1773
 Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816)
 The Rivals – 1775
 The School for Scandal - 1777
The End !
Intro to Theatre
Ms. Birtcher