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Transcript
Background Information
Facts

What is the approximate population of the earth?

Is population increasing or decreasing?

Why?

- Improved medical/health knowledge

- medicines

- treatments

- diet & exercise
Consequences

1. Overpopulation

2. Disease

3. Housing, food, water shortages

pollution
Terms

Population density - # of people in an area, usually based on per square mile

Demography – The study of society using numbers – literacy rate, income,
languages, race

Culture – The customs and habits that define a group’s way of life
Terms

Political beliefs

- Pertains to government and
authority
Terms

Economic beliefs

- Pertains to money and how
(where) to spend it
The World

Approximately 200 countries exist
today

4 Characteristics of a country:

- 1. Territory

- 2. Population

- 3. Government

- 4. Sovereignty
Stuff

Nearly all countries are broken down into smaller political units. This is a
Federation.

Confederation – a union, to join
Types of Leadership

Authoritarian – A person or small group holds all political power

- Dictatorship – Usually gains power by military overthrow, by force

- Totalitarian – An attempt to control all aspects of society

- Monarchy – Power is gained by birthright


- Constitutional Monarchy – King or queen is symbolic. They have no real
authority
- Democracy – The people govern (through representation)
Government

Fascism – A radical, authoritarian
ideology. Single party state. No
tolerance for different thought.
Will use violence/war to keep the
nation strong.

Nationalism – a very “pro-state”
ideology. The state is superior to
all other states.
Government

Militarism – Glorification of the military. Belief that the state must maintain a
strong military that can be aggressively used to promote state interests.

Imperialism – The taking over of weaker nations for personal gain (natural
resources)

Isolationism – The desire to stay out of world affairs, focus on the homefront.
Economic systems

We will do an economic systems comparison on the board
Resources





Renewable resources – Resources that once used, continue to exist
- trees, soil, water, wind
Non-renewable resources – resources that are gone once they are used
- fossil fuels
Natural resources- Materials found in the natural environment that people use
to satisfy their needs
Energy Sources

1. fossil fuels

2. water

3. wind

4. solar

5. nuclear

6. geothermal
Economic Activity

1. Agriculture – Most common
occupation in the world

- Subsistence farming – farming to
feed one’s family

- Commercial farming – farming as
a business. Growing crops to sell

2. Manufacturing

- turning raw materials into
finished products

Service industry – 3rd source of
income

- police, tourism, retail, banking,
advertising

A developed nation has all three

A developing nation usually relies
on subsistence farming.
Income

Gross National Product/Gross
Domestic Product (GNP/GDP) –
Total amount of goods and services
produced by a nation in a year.

Per Capita GNP/GDP – Same as GNP
but on a per person basis.

- Tells us the average yearly
income.
THE END!!