Background Information Facts What is the approximate population of the earth? Is population increasing or decreasing? Why? - Improved medical/health knowledge - medicines - treatments - diet & exercise Consequences 1. Overpopulation 2. Disease 3. Housing, food, water shortages pollution Terms Population density - # of people in an area, usually based on per square mile Demography – The study of society using numbers – literacy rate, income, languages, race Culture – The customs and habits that define a group’s way of life Terms Political beliefs - Pertains to government and authority Terms Economic beliefs - Pertains to money and how (where) to spend it The World Approximately 200 countries exist today 4 Characteristics of a country: - 1. Territory - 2. Population - 3. Government - 4. Sovereignty Stuff Nearly all countries are broken down into smaller political units. This is a Federation. Confederation – a union, to join Types of Leadership Authoritarian – A person or small group holds all political power - Dictatorship – Usually gains power by military overthrow, by force - Totalitarian – An attempt to control all aspects of society - Monarchy – Power is gained by birthright - Constitutional Monarchy – King or queen is symbolic. They have no real authority - Democracy – The people govern (through representation) Government Fascism – A radical, authoritarian ideology. Single party state. No tolerance for different thought. Will use violence/war to keep the nation strong. Nationalism – a very “pro-state” ideology. The state is superior to all other states. Government Militarism – Glorification of the military. Belief that the state must maintain a strong military that can be aggressively used to promote state interests. Imperialism – The taking over of weaker nations for personal gain (natural resources) Isolationism – The desire to stay out of world affairs, focus on the homefront. Economic systems We will do an economic systems comparison on the board Resources Renewable resources – Resources that once used, continue to exist - trees, soil, water, wind Non-renewable resources – resources that are gone once they are used - fossil fuels Natural resources- Materials found in the natural environment that people use to satisfy their needs Energy Sources 1. fossil fuels 2. water 3. wind 4. solar 5. nuclear 6. geothermal Economic Activity 1. Agriculture – Most common occupation in the world - Subsistence farming – farming to feed one’s family - Commercial farming – farming as a business. Growing crops to sell 2. Manufacturing - turning raw materials into finished products Service industry – 3rd source of income - police, tourism, retail, banking, advertising A developed nation has all three A developing nation usually relies on subsistence farming. Income Gross National Product/Gross Domestic Product (GNP/GDP) – Total amount of goods and services produced by a nation in a year. Per Capita GNP/GDP – Same as GNP but on a per person basis. - Tells us the average yearly income. THE END!!