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SOL Vocabulary by Eleanor Joyce City of Salem Schools Replace With • developed country • rich country • developing country • poor country Replace With • rural • country • urban • city Replace With • mortality • death • literacy • reading • oral tradition • telling stories Replace Dense with Thick Sparse with Thin The city was densely populated. The country side was sparsely populated Helpful idea—cross out words in the stem and replace them with familiar words. Example of geography terms are listed below. Replace With • • • • • • • • diverse interior alter primary different inside change most important Helpful idea—cross out words in the stem and replace them with familiar words. Example of geography terms are listed below. Replace With • • • • • • • • • • arid divert arable public private dry, desert to send another way able to grow crops owned by all people owned by a few people Economic Activities • Nomad- a person who moves around to care for animals • Herders- people who care for animals • Traditional – doing things the way they have always been done. • Ancestors- having to do with grand parents and relatives that are much older. General terms Activities • global- having to do with all countries in the world • international- countries in the world working together. Economic Activities • Primary economic activity- having to do with resources such as mining, drilling oil, farming, etc • Secondary economic activitymanufacturing or processing • Tertiary economic activity – services, transportation, retail, information, etc • Economy- how people in a country make a living Economic Activities • Primary economic activity- having to do with resources such as mining, drilling oil, farming, etc Economic Activities • Secondary economic activitymanufacturing, food processing, sewing. Economic Activities Tertiary economic activity – providing services such as retail clerks, doctors, teachers. Trade • Exports- to send products out of the country. • Import- to bring products into the country • GDP Gross Domestic Product- the total value of goods and services produced in a country • Per capita GDP- the average GDP for each person in the country. Population Words • Populous- the number of people living in an area. Asia is the most populous continent. • Overpopulated- too many people living in one place. • Population distribution- where people live • Population density-the thickness of the population in a region. Movement of People • refugee- a person who goes to another country for safety. • immigrant- a person who chooses to move to another country • migrate- to move within a country • ethnic group- a group of people from the same region who have the same customs, language and traditions. (example: French, Hispanic, Chinese) Resource words • renewable- a resource that replaces itself like water and trees • nonrenewable- a resource that does not replace itself like fossil fuels General Words • domestic- referring to within the country or home • foreign- refers to other countries. General Words • landlocked- a country that is surrounded by land General Words • originate- where something begins. • proximity- who close something is to something else • persecute- to punish someone for religious beliefs. • dominate- to control infrastructurestructures that make a country run properlyroads, dams, sewage systems, school, etc General Words • drought- a long time without rain. Crops will not grow in a drought • famine- not having any food. People starve to death when there is a drought. • Oppressive government- a government that does not give their citizens personal freedoms. Government Words • capitalism- economic system where people can own their own business like the USA. • communism- economic system in which the government owns and controls the businesses like Cuba • socialism- economic system in which the government controls services like health care and schools. Sweden is socialist. Water Words • source of a river- where the river begins, usually in the mountains • mouth of the river- where the river empties into a larger body of water. Sometimes it creates a delta. • strait- a narrow strip of water that separates two pieces of • canal- a man-made waterway that separates two pieces of land. Farming Words • subsistence farming growing enough food for your family • commercial farming growing food to sell like bananas, wheat, corn • cash crop- a crop raised to sell like coffee, tea, cotton • food crop- a crop raised to eat. Indigenous People • People who are native to the region such as the aborigines in Australia.