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The Age of Imperialism on-line Questions Directions: Answer all questions in complete sentences and to the best of your ability. Any answers not in correct form will receive no credit. Who is the main person that preached the expansion of U.S. Influence into the Pacific? Captain Alfred T. Mahan was the person who preached expansion of U.S. Influence What was his reasoning in pushing for this expansion. Because he believed that we needed a strong navy, and that would require island possession. What did Commodore Perry do that made him “famous”? His diplomatic mission had officially established the United States' presence in Asia. Explain the reasoning for Perry's actions? Because the President wanted it done. Who was Queen Liliuokalani? She was the brother of King Kalakaua, and she took the throne after he died. What was the Spanish-American war fought over? The U.S. Wanted to end the Cuban conflict. What touched it off? When the U.S.S. Maine blew up, the U.S. Wanted to go to war. Define Yellow-Journalism. A form of journalism that uses exaggerated stories. Describe the battle of Manila Bay. Dewy stormed in Manila Bay and Destroyed the Spanish Fleet. Who were the Rough Riders? Roosevelt and a group of volunteers who chased down criminals. Explain the war/rebellion in the Philippines. The Philippines thought they could govern themselves, and when they found out that they couldn't, they rebeld. Define Spheres of influence. Exclusive trading rights to certain parts of a country. What role did Sanford B. Dole play in the downfall of the Hawaiian monarchy? He became the President of provisional government, and refused to give the government back to the Hawaiians. Why was the Spanish-American war called “a splendid little war”? It was called the splendid little war because the ambassador of England wrote to Roosevelt and said “It's been a splendid little war.” Why was the war in the Philippines less popular with the American People than the Spanish-American War had been? They tired of the issue, and wanted to focus on other issues closer to home. What were the Fists of Righteous Harmony, or “Boxers,” rebelling against? They were rebelling against the Chinese government. What was the point of John Hay's Open Door policy? The point was to guarantee equal trading rights. Why was it important to complete the Panama Canal? They believed that the canal was a strategic center of the most vital importance. Who was Cornelius Vanderbilt, and what did he attempt to do in Nicaragua? Vanderbilt started a company that transported passengers from New York to San Francisco. He attempted to take control of Nicaragua. What were some of the methods by which the united States expanded its economic and political influence around the world in the late 1800's and early 1900's? How did economic interests sometimes lead to military action? Cite specific examples. They provided other countries with military service. It lead to military action because the military wouldn't leave. Why did the American consul in Cuba, Fitzhugh Lee, ask to have a battleship sent to Havana harbor? What was the Cubans' perception of the Maine's presence? Do you think the United States had a right to station a battleship in the harbor? How might the Spanish-American war have been avoided through better communication and sensitivity on all sides? He wanted a battleship to “protect American interests.” To the Cubans it was a floating American fortress right in their capital. Yes, because they felt threatened. The could have not pulled out all of those battleships. What is the meaning of Teddy Roosevelt's motto “Speak softly, and carry a big stick” in regard to foreign policy? How did he implement this policy during his presidency? What do you think of the policy? Is it effective? Is it right? It means that if you tell somebody to do something, and they don't do it, then you make them. I think the policy is effective but not right.