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Unit 10 - Dynamic Earth Review Sheet Plate Tectonics o Be able to use the chart on page 5 to determine the different types of plate boundaries and their movements. o Describe the theory of plate tectonics. o What are the major pieces of evidence that support the theory? o What is the driving force behind plate tectonics and where does it take place? o What are the three types of plate boundaries and what features are created at each type? o What is the difference between a volcano and a hot spot? Layers of the Earth o Be able to use the chart on page 10 to determine the different properties of the layers of the Earth. o Describe the major differences between continental and oceanic crust? o What happens to the density of the Earth as you increase depth? o What happens to the pressure of the Earth as you increase depth? o What happens to the temperature of the Earth as you increase depth? o What is each layer composed of and what phase of matter is each layer in? o How did scientists determine the properties of each layer? o What is the heat source for the center of the Earth? Earthquakes o Be able to use the p and s wave chart of page 11 in order to determine the different seismic wave times and epicenter distance. o What is an earthquake and where do they usually occur? o What is the ring of fire and where is it located? o What is a fault and what are the three types of movement? o What is the difference between an epicenter and a focus? o What are the 3 types of seismic waves, how do they move and what phases of matter can they move through? o What is the difference between a seismograph and a seismogram? o Be able to read a seismogram. o How many seismic stations do we need in order to determine the epicenter of an earthquake? Tsunamis o What is a tsunami? o Describe the different ways they can be created. o What should you do before, during, and after any natural disaster?