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Transcript
Hypothetical Situation Bellwork
• Today we are going to do bellwork a little
differently
• I have a simulation/some hypothetical
situations to present to you
• We are going to do those in place of bellwork
Hypothetical Situation Bellwork
• So here’s what you should put down:
•
•
•
•
Question: Hypothetical Situation Bellwork
Answer: Activity
Correct Answer: Activity
Objective: Discuss the life and teachings of
Jesus of Nazareth
Hypothetical Situations
Read the situations I gave you and
respond to the questions which relate to
each situation.
Situation #1
• Questions to consider:
– Would you allow this preacher to continue
his teaching?
– Would you punish this preacher for his
actions?
– How would you handle the followers of this
preacher?
Situation # 2
• Questions to consider:
– Would you force the members of this new
faith to practice your state religion against
their will?
– Would you punish the members of this new
faith?
Situation # 3
• Questions to Consider:
– Would you try to squash the growth of this
religion?
– Would you embracing this growing religion?
– Would you punish your officials and
generals for the way they deal with this
religion?
Why do you ask?
• Do you think these situations are made
up?
– Did this really happen?
• Does anyone know what religion we
might be talking about?
Our Next Religion
• We are going to be
moving onto the
second of our
monotheistic
religions today
• Christianity
• First let’s set up our
interactive notebooks
Interactive Notebook Setup
• 10/23/2015
• Christianity Info Chart
• This will be on 2 pages
Definition
Background
Background
Life and Teachings of Jesus
Developments and Spread of Christianity
The Bible and Its History
A Working Definition
• Before we can talk about Christianity
we need to have a working definition.
– This is a scholarly definition which allows
for disagreement and discussion
– Definition:
A religion based on the belief in the death of
Jesus of Nazareth for human sin and in his
resurrection from the dead.
Background
• Christianity began developing during the
1st century CE
• At this time the area of Judea and
Galilee(where Jesus was from) was
under the control of the Roman Empire
• Judaism was widely practiced along with
the Roman State Religion
Background
• There was a great deal of tension between Jews and the
occupying Romans
• Some Jews felt they should live along side the Romans
• Some felt living by Jewish law would protect them from
the Romans
• Some moved away from Roman cities and lived in common
and attempted to bring back abandoned Jewish
traditions
• Some supported a violent revolt again the Romans
• This was the climate at the time of the Birth of Jesus
of Nazareth
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
• There is much debate by over many aspects of the
life of Jesus
• Such as:
• The date of his birth
• The intentions of his preaching
• Saying and actions attached to him
• There is also much debate about many aspects of
his life amongst the sects of Christianity
• However there is very little debate whether a man
named Jesus did in fact live at this time and preach
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
• Jesus was most likely
born in Nazareth
between the years 72 BCE
• Most Christian
tradition holds that
he was born of Mary
who was a virgin
• Jesus was believed to
be the son of God by
followers
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
• Somewhere between the years 27-29CE
Jesus began preaching, performing
miracles and healing
• His teaching and reputation began to
spread quickly
• Many teachings and actions of Jesus are
presented in the form of Parables
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
•
•
•
•
Jesus taught things such as:
Universal love for all people
Charity
Humility
• “Do to others what you would have them
do to you”
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
• Eventually both Roman and Jewish leaders
began to view Jesus and his followers as a
threat
• Jesus was arrested, tried, and executed
by the Roman state around the years 3036 CE
• Jesus was crucified, the common
punishment for traitors in Rome
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
• Christian traditions teaches that Jesus
died to forgive the sins of humans
• The forgiveness of sin would allow humans
to go to heaven after death
• Three days after his death Jesus is said
to have been resurrected and ascended
into heaven
• Celebrated with the holiday of Easter
How Did Christianity Spread?
• Ok, yesterday we discussed the life and
teachings of the founder of Christianity
• Today we are going to talk about the
early years and the spread of
Christianity
• We will also talk a little bit about the
Holy Text of Christianity, the Bible
The Beginnings
• Christianity began as a branch off from
Judaism
– This movement began after a Jewish man
named Jesus from Nazareth began
preaching
– He was executed by the Roman Leaders
An Early depiction of Jesus
Growth of a New Religion
• Christianity spread quickly in many
different forms
• This was largely because of the work of
new leaders(Apostles/Disciples) to
spread the faith
– The most famous of this leaders is the
Apostle Paul
The Conversion of
Paul
What’s the right way?
• There was much conflict among early
Christians over the right practices
• Some felt that they were a new type of
Judaism, but Jews nonetheless
• Some felt they were a new religion all
together
Persecution
• Early Christians mostly only associated
with other Christians
– This made them suspicious and mysterious
to non-Christians
• Christians did not participate in Roman
society like other citizens
– Did not practice state religion, interact at
markets, or pay their taxes
Persecution
• Early Christians were used as
scapegoats by Roman emperors and
officials
• Blamed for natural disasters because of
their refusal to worship Roman Gods
• Early Christians were sometimes killed
at the hands of the Romans
– Called martyrs
Change of Heart
• Despite this persecution the Christian
religion continued to grow
• In 313 the Edict of Milan was issued
which made Christianity legal in Rome
• In 388 Edict of Thessalonica was issued
which made Christianity the state
Religion of Rome
Depiction of Christian
Martyrs in the Coliseum
Holy Text
• The Holy Text of Christianity is called the
Bible
• The Bible is made up of the Old Testament
and the New Testament
• The Old Testament is same as the Torah
• But just what is the New Testament and
where did it come from?
The New Testament
• The New Testament tells of the life and
teachings of Jesus
• The New Testament generally contains four
sections:
• Four gospels, called the Canonical Gospels
• Acts of the Apostles (The lives of the
Apostles)
• Epistles of the Apostles (Letters of the
Apostles)
• Revelations(Description of the End of Days)
The Gospels
• The Canonical gospels are by four of
Jesus’ apostles
• Mark, Luke, Matthew, and John
• There were many gospels and accounts
of written in the early years of
Christianity, but eventually only these
four were agreed upon for in inclusion in
the Bible
The Gospels
• The Gospels of Luke, Mark, and
Matthew are also called the Synoptic
Gospels
• This is because these three gospels
have many similarities in them
• Let’s look at these similarities
What Do You Think? Bellwork
• Do you think there was universal agreement
about the right way to practice Christianity early
on in the history of the faith?
• How do you think early Christians were treated
by people of other faiths and non-Christians?
• CA: NO!
• Pretty poorly
Objective
• WWBAT: Discuss the early development of the
Christian Church and the Bible
Early Christianity Bellwork
• What are the two names associated with the
gospels in the Christian bible?
• Synoptic and Canonical
• Why were early Christians used as scapegoats
in Rome?
• They didn’t participate in society, they were
other
Objective
• WWBAT: Examine and score DBQs and discuss
prep for tomorrow’s DBQ
• WWBAT: Gather major information on
Christianity