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Transcript
Coach Crews
World History
- TURN IN YOUR ARYAN BOOK SEARCH
FROM LAST TUESDAY IF YOU HAVE IT
FINISHED
Monday – Hinduism and Buddhism (Section 2)
Tuesday – First Empires (Section 3)
Wednesday – Quiz/Contributions (Section 3)
Thursday – Review
Friday – Test (around 100-120 points)
Section 1: The Land of India
- India is a subcontinent
- Dependent on the rivers
- Indus River Valley civilizations
- Aryans invade, take over, spread ideas
- Caste system is instituted
-
Born into it, no way out
Dictates everything you do
Favored men over women
Use section 2 to answer the following in your notes:
- In Hinduism, one universal spirit is called
____
- In Hinduism, the consequences of how a
person lives is called ____
- In Tibet, the Buddhist leader who led
government was called the ____
- When religious leaders head a government, it
is called a ____
- ____ was founded by Siddhartha Gautama
-
-
-
-
The idea of passing through many lives to
reach the Brahman is called ____
____ is the third largest religion in the world
today
____, the divine law of Hinduism, requires
people to perform the duties of their caste
The Buddha taught that if people gave up all
desires, they would reach ____
I. Hinduism
- The world’s third largest religion, is one of
the world’s oldest
- Roots are in the Aryan religion; began
borrowing ideas from others
- The Brahman is the universal spirit made up
of thousands of gods and goddesses
- The Upanishads describe how a person unites
with the Brahman
-
-
-
Reincarnation – passing through many lives
to reach the Brahman
Dharma is the divine law; perform your
duties
Karma is the consequences of how a person
lives
II. Buddhism
- Founded by Siddhartha Guatama, became the
Buddha, or “Enlightened One”
- Nirvana occurs when one gives up all desires
- The core of Buddha’s teaching is
the Four Noble Truths
- The Eightfold Path is the steps to
eliminate suffering
-
Theravada Buddhists believe the Buddha was
a great teacher, not a god
-
Mahayana Buddhists believe the Buddha was
a god who came to save people
-
-
-
In Tibet, Mahayana Buddhism mixed with
Tibetan religion and Hinduism
Religious leaders called lamas headed the
government
Dalai Lama – government leader
Panchen Lama – religious leader
-
Identify 4 major beliefs of Buddhism
-
What is the importance of the Four Noble
Truths and Eightfold Path?
-
How do the two branches of Buddhism relate
and how do they differ?