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Pacific Islands Climate Change
Assistance Progamme
3-14 June, 2002
Trieste, ITALY
Kanayathu Koshy
Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development
The University of the South Pacific
Suva, FIJI
Objectives of This Presentation
Report on findings of PICCAP Terminal
Project Report conducted in March, 2002,
and specifically:
Success stories
Lessons learned
Background/ 1
A GEF/UNDP project, executed by SPREP,
to build capacity of 10 Pacific Island
Countries to address climate change
Commenced 1 July, 1997, initially for
three years; plus a one year “top up”
Supported by many partners:
international and regional
Background/ 2
During the PICCAP EA
the countries developed and finalised:
1. 10 x GHG Inventories
2. 1 x Regional GHG Synthesis
3. 10 x Preliminary V&A Assessment and Statements
4. 1 x Regional V&A Synthesis
5. 1 X Regional Mitigation Synthesis
6. 9 x Initial National Communication
7. 1 x High-Level Regional Statement
8. 6 x Draft National Implementation Strategies
9. 1 x PICCAP CD-Rom containing PICCAP Products
Background/ 3
During the Top-Up
The top-up was designed to include technology,
systematic observations and emission factors,
but most countries could only continue PICCAP
EA type activities
What were the Success
Stories? /1
Robust project design:
regional coordination and cooperation, with national
Initial focus on building in-country capacity
improved coordination and consultation
a pool of human resources - “country teams”
National and regional experts
Improved Training: the V&A Training Program
Played critical role, eliminating need for international
What were the Success
Stories? /2
Enhanced information base and understanding
of climate change
across all sectors and key groups
enhanced project management and design process
First National Communications
submitted by ten countries
Many other countries benefited from PICCAP
What were the Lessons
Learned? /1
In Country Capacity: the country team
approach - works well when the teams have a
clear mandate and line of responsibility,
transparent, inclusive and lead by team leaders
who are trained in project management and
Improving Sector Coordination: the country
teams must be sectorally diverse, well
coordinated and ‘mainstreamed’.
Project Design: The EA part itself was well
designed but not the top-up phase.
What were the Lessons
Learned? /2
Management and Approach: regional
coordination with national implementation. This
required expert full time training assistance
which was less than forthcoming. This slowed
down the top-up phase.
Reporting and Disbursement: considerable
delays resulting from reporting and
disbursement of funds requirements.
Implementing and Executing Agencies:
lack of knowledge of different management and
accounting systems slows progress.
Key to Mainstreaming
Make adaptation an integral component of
the national risk management strategy
 Countries already have policies and plans
to manage:
Financial risks
Human health risks
Agricultural risks
Risks in the transport sector
Energy supply risks, Etc
Need to add climate change and variability
to that portfolio of risks
How do we Mainstream
Adaptation? /1
 Recognise that climate change is a significant
impediment to successful economic development – i.e.
a risk
 We are experiencing a foretaste of that risk – climate
 Manage that risk in an integrated manner – through
 Ensure National Development Plans and sectoral plans
include adaptation measures that will ensure risks
are reduced to acceptable levels
How do we Mainstream
Adaptation? /2
 Undertake institutional strengthening that results in
Economic Ministries having a mandate and
responsibility for ensuring that climate change is
reflected in national policies and programmes
 Improve decision making processes - require that
specific programmes and projects include strategies and
measures to manage risks associated with climate
change and variability
 Create an attitude of “Environment for Development”, as
opposed to “Environment and Development”
How do we Mainstream
Adaptation? /3
Quantify and Characterise the risks and costs of
climate variability, and adapt in ways that
reduce them
Inform all groups and sectors of these risks and
costs, their origins, and practical ways to reduce
them – transparency and consultation important
Emphasise “no regrets” approaches, including
those based on traditional knowledge and
How do we Mainstream
Adaptation? /4
Document and Communicate success stories,
best practice and lessons learned
Motivate and empower all stakeholders and key
Utilize international understanding and support
Quantify and Characterise the risks and costs of
climate variability, and adapt in ways that
reduce them
Conclusions/ 1
PICCAP has laid a strong foundation for
mainstreaming adaptation, but full
potential not realised
Climate change is one end of the weather,
climate variability/change spectrum
Risk is common to all three
Conclusions/ 2
Risk management already part of the
national “toolbox”
Adaptation should be a key risk
minimization strategy in the national
risk management portfolio