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Transcript

4-6 Isosceles And Equilateral Triangles You identified isosceles and equilateral triangles. • Use properties of isosceles triangles. • Use properties of equilateral triangles. Isosceles Triangles Parts vertex Vertex angle leg leg Base angles base The Isosceles Have It! An isosceles triangle has been drawn on a piece of paper and then cut out. (How do you draw an isosceles triangle on a piece of paper?) If the triangle is folded in half, what can be said about the base angles? What can be said about the sides? Isosceles Triangle Theorem If two side of a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite those sides are congruent. Converse of the Isosceles Triangle Theorem If two angles of a triangle are congruent, then the sides opposite those angles are congruent. Page 285 A. Name two unmarked congruent angles. __ BCA is opposite BA ____ and A is opposite BC, so BCA A. Answer: BCA and A B. Name two unmarked congruent segments. Answer: BC BD Page 286 Page 286 A. Find mR. Since QP = QR, QP QR. By the Isosceles Triangle Theorem, base angles P and R are congruent, so mP = mR . Use the Triangle Sum Theorem to write and solve an equation to find mR. Triangle Sum Theorem mQ = 60, mP = mR Simplify. Answer: mR = 60 Subtract 60 from each side. Divide each side by 2. B. Find PR. Since all three angles measure 60, the triangle is equiangular. Because an equiangular triangle is also equilateral, QP = QR = PR. Since QP = 5, PR = 5 by substitution. Answer: PR = 5 cm A. Find mT. A. 30° B. 45° C. 60° D. 65° ALGEBRA Find the value of each variable. Since E = F, DE FE by the Converse of the Isosceles Triangle Theorem. DF FE, so all of the sides of the triangle are congruent. The triangle is equilateral. Each angle of an equilateral triangle measures 60°. mDFE = 60 4x – 8 = 60 4x = 68 x = 17 Definition of equilateral triangle Substitution Add 8 to each side. Divide each side by 4. The triangle is equilateral, so all the sides are congruent, and the lengths of all of the sides are equal. DF = FE Definition of equilateral triangle 6y + 3 = 8y – 5 Substitution 3 = 2y – 5 Subtract 6y from each side. 8 = 2y Add 5 to each side. 4=y Divide each side by 2. Answer: x = 17, y = 4 Try It B In isosceles triangle ABC , AB BC . What else must be true? C A O In MNO, M N . Find the lengths of sides MO and NO. 3x+8 M 4x−10 N What makes an isosceles unique? An isosceles triangle has two congruent sides and two congruent base angles. What is an auxiliary line? Auxiliary line is a line (or part of a line) added to a figure. 4-6 Assignment Page 289, 1-2, 1522, 29-32