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Sports Nutrition Session 2 Nutritional Timing Glycemic Index Sports Nutrition Session 2 Objectives: The students will learn the benefits and pitfalls of nutritional timing associated with athletic performance. •The students will learn the definition of Glycemic Index and how to use the glycemic index chart in order to choose the appropriate food before, during and after competition. •The student will learn what nutrients are appropriate to consume during the 1st Nutritional Timing Window to enhance athletic performance. •SOLs: 11/12.1, 11/12.2, 11/12.3, 11/12.4, 11/12.5 Nutritional Timing The timing of “when” nutrients are consumed is AS important as “what” nutrients are consumed Timing is a ‘Supplement’ or ‘Training Tool.’ The Windows of Opportunity 3 Major Nutrient Timing Windows Pre-Exercise During 0-30-60 st 1 Nutritional Window Pre-exercise: Protein/Amino-Acids High Glycemic Carbs (foods which increase blood glucose levels very rapidly, i.e. simple and highly processed carbohydrates) Caffeine Glycemic Index The glycemic index, glycaemic index, or GI is a measure of the effects of carbohydrates on blood sugar levels. CHO that break down quickly during digestion and release of glucose rapidly into the bloodstream. http://www.glycemicindex.com Classification GI Range Low GI 55 or less fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains, nuts, fructose and products low in carbohydrates Medium GI 56–69 whole wheat products, basmati rice, sweet potato, sucrose, baked potatoes High GI 70 and above white bread, most white rices, corn flakes, extruded breakfast cereals, glucose, maltose Caffeine (250 mg) Enhance performance via effect on the central nervous system (i.e. increased alertness) Enhance free fatty acid utilization (more important during endurance exercise) Increases pain tolerance Amino Acids (Proteins) Hyperaminoacidemia (high blood levels of amino acids) at rest can increase net synthesis of muscle protein. Such as a combination of; phenylalanine, tryptophan, valine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, methionine, threonine Consuming Amino Acids plus sucrose (sucrose-grapefruit juice) cocktail BEFORE training can promote muscle protein gain.