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English Chapter 1 – Sentences Study Sheet
Sentences: Pages 2 – 3
What is a sentence? – a group of words that expresses a complete
Know what makes a complete sentence.
What is the subject? – tells who or what the sentence is about
What is the predicate? – tells what the subject is or does
Four Kinds of Sentences: Pages 4 – 7
Know the four different kinds of sentences:
Declarative Sentence – makes a statement, ends with a period
Interrogative Sentence – asks a question, ends with a question mark
Imperative Sentence – gives a command or makes a request,
usually ends in a period, subject is you, which is not stated
Exclamatory Sentence – expresses strong or sudden emotion, ends
with an exclamation point
Complete Subjects & Complete Predicates: Pages 8 - 9
Make sure you can identify the complete subject of a sentence and the
complete predicate of a sentence.
Complete Subject – Includes the specific person, place, or thing
and all the words that go with it.
**Complete subject is underlined simple subject is bolded**
Ex: All the students like to learn new things.
Complete Predicate – The verb and all the words relating to it.
**Complete predicate is underlined simple predicate is bolded**
Ex: Jamie and Marie are excited about the class.
Simple Subjects and Simple Predicates: Pages 10 - 11
Make sure you can identify the simple subject of a sentence.
Simple Subject – The most important word in the subject, the noun.
Ex: The flag waved in the wind.
Simple Predicate – The verb describing what the subject is or does
Not all simple predicates show ACTION. Some use being verbs: is, are,
were ect.
Ex: The principal raised the flag.
Compound Subjects: Pages 12 - 13
Make sure you can identify the compound subject of sentence and the
conjunction that connects them.
Compound Subject – has two or more simple subjects connected
by the word and or the word or.
Conjunction: the word and or the word or
Compound Predicates: Pages 14 - 15
Make sure you can identify the compound predicate of sentence and
the conjunction that connects them.
Compound Predicate – has two or more simple predicates
connected by the word and, the word but, or the word or
Conjunction – The word and, the word but, or the word or
Direct Objects: Pages 16 - 17
Make sure you can identify the direct object of the sentence along with
the action verb it follows.
Direct Object – the noun or pronoun that receives the action of the
verb. To find the Direct Object of a sentence, ask whom or what after the
Ex: The Mississippi River divides the country.
Action Verb: divides
What does the Mississippi River divide?
Direct Object: Country
Subject Complements: Pages 18 – 19
Make sure you can identify the subject complement of the sentence.
Subject Complement: Follows a linking verb. It is usually a noun or
adjective that tells more about the subject, renames it or describes it.
Ex: The storm was a tornado.
Subject: The storm
Linking Verb: was
Subject Complement: a tornado
Ex: The winds are strong.
Subject: The winds
Linking Verb: are
Subject Complement: strong
Compound Sentences: Pages 20 – 21
Make sure you can identify a compound sentence.
Compound Sentence – When two short sentences related to each
other are combined by inserting a comma followed by a conjunction,
and, or, or but.
2 Sentences: The lights flickered. They did not go out.
Compound Sentence: The lights flickered, but they did not go out.
Run – On Sentences: Pages 22 – 23
Make sure you can identify a run – on sentence.
Run – On Sentence – results when two sentences are combined but
not connected properly.
Ex: I needed milk the store did not have any.