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Transcript
PEAK
Tuberculosis Epidemiology,
Diagnosis and Infection
Control Recommendations
for Dental Settings
I
In 1990 and again in 1994, the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention
Tuberculosis Epidemiology,
Diagnosis and Infection
(CDC) published guidelines for
Control Recommendations
preventing the transmission of
for Dental Settings
tuberculosis (TB). The guidelines
focused primarily on hospital-based
health care settings to address an
increased number of TB outbreaks,
most of which involved multidrugresistant strains. As a result of the
widespread implementation of these
recommendations and reductions in
community rates, reports of TB transmission among health care
practitioners and patients decreased over the next decade.
An Update on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guidelines
JENNIFER L. CLEVELAND, DDS, MPH
VALERIE A. ROBISON, DDS, PHD
ADELISA L. PANLILIO, MD, MPH
PEAK (Practice Enhancement
and Knowledge) is a College
service for members, whose
goal is to regularly provide
Ontario dentists with copies
of key articles on a wide
range of clinical and nonclinical topics from the
dental literature around the
world.
It is important to note that
PEAK articles may contain
opinions, views or statements
that are not necessarily
endorsed by the College.
However, PEAK is committed
to providing quality material
to enhance the knowledge
and skills of member dentists.
COLLEGE CONTACT
Dr. Michael Gardner
Manager, Quality Assurance
416-934-5611
1-800-565-4591
[email protected]
24
DISPATCH • February/March 2010
This PEAK article is a special membership service from RCDSO. The goal of
PEAK (Practice Enhancement and Knowledge) is to provide Ontario dentists
with key articles on a wide range of clinical and non-clinical topics from
dental literature around the world.
PLEASE KEEP FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
Supplement to Dispatch February/March 2010
Copyright©2009. American Dental Association. All rights reserved. Reprinted with permission.
In 2005, CDC updated the guidelines to include inpatient,
outpatient, home health care and correctional settings, as well as
TB clinics.
The risk of TB transmission in dental settings is low.
Nevertheless, it is important that oral health care workers are
knowledgeable about the signs and symptoms suggestive of
active TB and appropriate office protocols are in place to prevent
its transmission.
With this issue of Dispatch, PEAK is pleased to offer members the
Ensuring Continued Trust
PEAK
KEY POINTS
TO CONSIDER
TB continues to be a leading cause of death around
the world. It has been estimated that 2 billion
persons are infected with Mycobacterium
tuberculosis, and that 1.78 million persons died from
TB in 2007. In addition, the prevalence of multidrug
resistant TB is increasing and some forms are
almost untreatable.
following article: “Tuberculosis
epidemiology, diagnosis and
infection control
recommendations for dental
settings – An update on the
Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention guidelines”, from
the September 2009 issue of the
Journal of the American Dental
Association.
Only persons with active TB are infectious. The
disease is spread through airborne particles that
may be generated when persons with pulmonary or
laryngeal TB sneeze, cough, speak or sing.
Signs and symptoms suggestive of active TB include
a productive and persistent cough, bloody sputum,
night sweats, weight loss, fever and anorexia.
Patients who present with signs and symptoms
suggestive of TB should be offered a mask and
removed from the reception/waiting area and
seated in a secluded operatory as soon as possible.
Patients with suspected TB should be referred for
The article first reviews the
medical evaluation and possible treatment.
transmission, pathogenesis,
epidemiology and diagnosis of
Patients with suspected or confirmed TB should
TB. It then presents the chief
have all non-urgent dental treatment postponed
recommendations from the
until it has been determined that the patient either
2005 CDC guidelines applicable
does not have the disease or is noninfectious.
to dental settings. These
All dental settings should conduct an annual risk
recommendations emphasize
assessment for TB transmission. In addition, oral
the importance of maintaining
health care workers should consult with their family
appropriate infection
prevention and control
physician about the need for baseline and annual TB
measures to combat another
skin testing.
resurgence of TB and reduce
the risk of transmission from patients with
unsuspected or undiagnosed infectious TB to
health care practitioners.
DISPATCH • February/March 2010
25