Download Preparation Dental Students for Community

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Transcript
Preparing Dental
Students for CommunityBased Education
Margot Stein, Ph.D.
UNC School of Dentistry
CCPH Consultancy Network
June 21, 2005
1
How to maximize student
learning and a community
mindset?
An integrated dental curriculum:
–
–
–
–
Pre-clinical
Social
Behavioral
Community
2
The curriculum
• UNC: 4-year required and elective
curriculum in social, community, behavioral,
and ethical issues
• First Year, Fall: Social and Ethical
Issues in Dental Practice
• First Year, Spring: Health Care Systems
• First Year, Summer: 1 months elective
(DISC)
3
The curriculum
Second Year, Fall: Behavior,
Communication & Culture-Child
Second Year, Spring: Behav., Commmun. &
Culture; Adolescent/Adult/Cultural
Competence and Communication Skills
Second Year, Summer: Behav., Commun. &
Cult.-The Elderly
Second Year, Summer: DISC elective 1 mo.
4
The curriculum
Third Year, Spring: Geriatric Dent.
Third Year, Summer: DISC 2 months
required
Fourth Year,Fall: DISC 1 mo. Elective
Fourth Year: Clinical Geriatric Dentistry
1 week
Fourth Year, Fall: Legal and Ethical Aspect
of Dental Practice
Fourth Year, Spring: DISC Capstone 4-5 wk
5
Behavior, Communication,
and Culture
• 2-credit course that is part of behavioral
sciences curriculum in 2nd year of dental
school
• Examines how dental students & their
patients interact
• How these interactions are shaped by
individual differences, society, culture
6
• Explicitly teaches (verbal and
nonverbal) communication skills
• Awareness of individual differences
• Respect for individual differences
• Ways to educate dental patients in
preventive care using appropriate
educational materials
7
Communication Skills
•
•
•
•
Conflict negotiation skills
How to present bad news
Dealing with difficult people
Communication on a dental team
8
Cultural Awareness
Awareness is a step towards cultural
competence:
• What is culture?
• What is the student’s individual
culture?
• What is the culture of dentistry?
9
Towards Cultural
Competence
What is cultural competence?
• How does one compare different cultures?
• What are stereotypes? Generalizations?
• Is there one “Hispanic/Latino” culture?
African-American culture?“Asian” culture?
• What is the relationship between class and
culture?
10
Behavior Communication
& Culture
This course also addresses:
• Adolescent Development, Transition
to adulthood
• Dental Fear and Anxiety
• Mental Health issues in Dentistry
11
Interactive Teaching
Strategies
• Break-out discussion groups of 8
for problem based learning, projects,
presentations to larger group
• Videos of real/simulated dental
provider/patient interactions to
analyze communication and problemsolving strategies
12
Interactive Teaching
Strategies
• Role-plays of specific issues
• Students conduct observations of interactions
between 4th year dental students and patients
according to established criteria.
• Students then write 2-page essay describing
behavior and reflecting on what they saw in terms
of course content
• Students create their own videos of simulated
dental provider/patient interactions
13
Interactive Teaching
Strategies
• Communication skills survey given on 3
different occasion to both dental student
and his/her patient that day.
– Answers entered on laptop in interview of
patient into electronic survey database
– Students compare own and patient’s answers
– Write an essay on observations with
reflections on what saw and learned
14
Summary of Critical
Elements
For students:
• Learning to listen
• Observation
• Reflection, reflection, reflection
• Interaction
• Critical thinking/
• Group learning/teamwork
15
Summary of Critical
Elements
For teachers:
• STRUCTURE
• Clear expectations
• Clear and explicit instructions for exercises,
grading criteria
• Provide climate of tolerance and support
• Insist on respect and accountability
• Listen to and observe dynamics and individuals and
learn from it
16
THANK YOU!
MUCHAS GRACIAS!
17