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Name ___________________________ Date _________ Period _____
Review of Muscular, Skeletal, Circulatory and Digestive System
Part 1:
1. Compare the four types of tissue found in the human body.
2. Describe the five important functions of bones.
3. List three types of muscle tissue, and describe their functions in the body.
4. What is the difference between voluntary and involuntary muscle action? Give an example of each.
5. What kind of muscle bends part of your body? What kind of muscle straightens part of your body?
6. What happens to the oxygen level in blood as it moves through the lungs?
7. What are the three types of blood vessels? Compare their functions.
8. Describe the path that air travels as it moves through the respiratory system.
9. How is the function of the respiratory system related to that of the circulatory system?
10. What is the difference between mechanical and chemical digestion?
11. Give two reasons why the following statement is true: Digestion begins in the mouth.
12. Describe the roles of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas in digestion.
Part 2:
1. Which of the following is made up of cells that can contract and relax?
a. skeletal tissue
c. connective tissue
b. muscle tissue
d. nervous tissue
2. The organ system that provides support and protection for body parts is the
a. endocrine system
c. skeletal system
b. circulatory system
d. muscular system
3. Ligaments are the connective tissues that attach
a. bones to muscles
c. muscles to other muscles
b. bones to other bones d. muscles to organs
Name ___________________________ Date _________ Period _____
4. Which type of muscle always straightens a part of the body when it contracts?
a. extensor
c. flexor
b. voluntary
d. involuntary
5. Blood from the lungs enters the heart at the
a. left ventricle
c. right atrium
b. left atrium
d. right ventricle
6. Blood cells are made
a. in the heart
b. in cartilage
c. from plasma
d. in the bones
7. Alveoli are surrounded by
a. veins
c. capillaries
b. muscles
d. arteries
8. What prevents blood from flowing backward in veins?
a. platelets
c. muscles
b. valves
d. cartilage
9. Air moves into the lungs when the diaphragm muscle
a. contracts and moves down
c. relaxes and moves down
b. contracts and moves up
d. relaxes and moives up
10. Oxygen-poor blood from the body returns to the
a. left ventricle
c. left atrium
b. right ventricle
d. right atrium
11. The close arrangement of alveoli and capillaries allows
a. damaged red blood cellss to be removed from the blood.
b. carbohydrates to move out of the blood into the lungs.
c. oxygen to diffuse from the alveoli into the blood.
d. carbon dioxide to diffuse from the alveoli into the blood.
12. __________ is the fluid part of the blood.
a. antibody
b. plasma
c. red blood cell
d. white blood cell
13. The ___________ is also called the voice box.
a. larynx
c. trachea
b. pharynx
d. bronchi
14. Which of the following aids digestion by producing bile?
a. stomach
c. gallbladder
b. pancreas
d. liver
15. The fingerlike projections lining the small intestine are called
a. valves
c. enzymes
b. villi
d. bile
16. Which of the following is NOT part of the digestive tract?
a. mouth
c. stomach
b. pancreas
d. rectum
17. The soupy mixture of food, enzymes and acids in the stomach is called
a. urea
c. vitamins
b. chyme
d. villi