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Simple Sentence Notes Fill in the blanks, and follow the directions. The sentence is the basic unit of communication. One type of sentence is the simple sentence. *A simple sentence has 1 independent clause/complete sentence. *An independent clause/complete sentence has two important parts or pieces. *The part/piece that names who or what the sentence is about is called the______________________________. *The part/piece that tells the action or state of being is called the ________________________________. *The subject of a sentence names the person, place, thing, or idea the sentence is about. Example 1) Snow melts. The subject of Example Sentence 1 is _____________________. *The verb of a sentence tells the action or state of being of the subject. Example Sentence 2) Water runs. The verb in Example Sentence 2 is ________________________. *The simple or main subject is the one word that names who or what the sentence is about. Example Sentence 3) The fluffy white kitten squeezed under the porch. The main subject in Example Sentence 3 is _______________________. *The complete verb includes the main verb (that shows the action) and any helping verbs. Example Sentence 4) The children are playing with a ball. The complete verb in this sentence is _______________ ________________. *Every sentence must have a main verb. Some sentences have both a main verb and a helping verb. The combination of a main verb and a helping verb (some sentences can have multiple helping verbs), is known as a verb phrase. *The subject generally comes before the verb in a simple sentence. Example Sentence 5) The rain fell gently. The verb of Example Sentence 5 is _____________________________. The subject comes before the verb of this sentence. The subject in Example Sentence 5 is _________________________. *The subject can come after the verb in a simple sentence. Example Sentence 6) Here are the shoes. The verb of Example Sentence 6 is ______________________. The subject comes after the verb of this sentence. The subject of Example Sentence 6 is _____________________. *The subject can come between the helping verb and the main verb in a simple sentence. Example Sentence 7) Is Candy coming? The complete verb of Example Sentence 7 is __________ ____________________. The subject of Example Sentence 7 is ___________________________. *A simple sentence may have a compound subject. A compound subject means that there is more than one subject in the sentence. S S Matt and James are the two subjects that make up the compound subject in this sentence: Matt and James jumped into the water. Mark each of the simple subjects in these sentences with an “S.” 1) The dogs and cats ran in circles. 2) Scott, Bill, and Jeff went to the beach. 3) The old man and his grandson took a walk together. *A simple sentence may also have a compound verb. A compound verb means that there is more than one verb in the sentence. V V Dived and jumped are the two verbs that comprise the compound verb in this sentence: Steve dived and jumped into the water. Mark each of the verbs in these sentences with a “V.” 4) The dogs barked and yelped all night. 5) Jan read and graded the quizzes. 6) The girl gulped her breakfast and dashed to school. *A simple sentence can have a compound subject and a compound verb. For example, in the following sentence, there are two subjects (marked with an “S”) and two verbs (marked with a “V”): S S V V The men and women took their places and waited for the signal to begin. Mark each simple subject in this sentence with an “S” and each verb with a “V.” 7) The witches and their black cats surrounded the kettle and looked at the sky. ***Sentence formulas can help to differentiate between the structures of different simple sentences. There are four different formulas for simple sentences: SV (one subject and one verb) SSV (compound subject and one verb) SVV (one subject and compound verb) SSVV (compound subject and compound verb) Mark each subject with an “S” and each verb with a “V,” and determine the formula for this sentence: Formula ____________ Tyrone and Wesley write and recite their poetry for the class.