Download American Civil War • The Civil War took place from

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Issues of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

United States presidential election, 1860 wikipedia, lookup

Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Mississippi in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

United Kingdom and the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Union (American Civil War) wikipedia, lookup

Hampton Roads Conference wikipedia, lookup

Border states (American Civil War) wikipedia, lookup

South Carolina in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Commemoration of the American Civil War on postage stamps wikipedia, lookup

Opposition to the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Alabama in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Virginia in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Lost Cause of the Confederacy wikipedia, lookup

Tennessee in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Georgia in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Conclusion of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Economy of the Confederate States of America wikipedia, lookup

Confederate privateer wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Namozine Church wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Gaines's Mill wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Fort Pillow wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Seven Pines wikipedia, lookup

Battle of New Bern wikipedia, lookup

First Battle of Bull Run wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Lewis's Farm wikipedia, lookup

Baltimore riot of 1861 wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Antietam wikipedia, lookup

Capture of New Orleans wikipedia, lookup

Anaconda Plan wikipedia, lookup

Fort Fisher wikipedia, lookup

Blockade runners of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Wilson's Creek wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Malvern Hill wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Roanoke Island wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Appomattox Station wikipedia, lookup

East Tennessee bridge burnings wikipedia, lookup

Red River Campaign wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Port Royal wikipedia, lookup

Texas in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Shiloh wikipedia, lookup

Union blockade wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Hampton Roads wikipedia, lookup

Battle of White Oak Road wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Big Bethel wikipedia, lookup

Western Theater of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Island Number Ten wikipedia, lookup

Arkansas in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Confederate States of America wikipedia, lookup

Kentucky in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Pacific Coast Theater of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
American Civil War
• The Civil War took place from 1861 through 1865. It was triggered by the secession of
11 Southern states from the United States: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama,
Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina.
• The North had about 21 million people, over 100,000 manufacturing plants, and greater
than 70 percent of the railroads. In contrast, the South had about 9 million people (of
whom 3.5 million were enslaved Africans), around 18,000 manufacturing plants, and less
than 30% of the railroads.
• During February of 1861, the seven Southern states that had seceded up to that time
created a Confederate Constitution. Shortly after Lincoln’s inauguration, Fort Sumter in
the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, was attacked by Confederate forces. This event
marked the start of the war. Following the attack, four more states seceded. However, the
slave states Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri did not secede. Later that year,
the Union began a naval blockade of the Confederacy.
• In 1862, Abraham Lincoln ordered that aggressive action be taken against the
Confederacy. General McClellan, who was in charge of Union forces, failed to respond,
however, and was replaced.
• Despite their smaller numbers and shortages of ammunition and other supplies, the
Confederate troops experienced many victories during the early years of the war.
• The bloodiest day of the war occurred on September 17, 1862, at the Battle of Antietam.
The war was not a decisive victory for the Union, but many scholars believe that the
outcome persuaded Great Britain not to formally recognize the Confederacy. Five days
after the battle, Lincoln issued his first Emancipation Proclamation, freeing enslaved
Africans in Confederate territory. This order in effect committed the Union to ending
slavery.
• The three-day Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863 was one of the most significant events
of the war. About 160,000 soldiers took part in the battle, and over 50,000 died. The
battle ended a Confederate invasion of Northern territory.
• In November 1863, Union forces pushed Confederate troops away from Chattanooga,
which later enabled General Sherman to march on Atlanta. The tide of success had turned
by this point, and the Confederacy’s last decisive victory took place in June 1864 at Cold
Harbor.
• General Sherman made great inroads into the Southern territory in the second half of
1864, capturing Atlanta and Savannah and destroying virtually everything in his path.
Transportation was almost halted in the South, and there were severe food shortages.
• Soon after Lee’s evacuation of Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital, General
Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse.
Copyright © Holt McDougal/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.