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The Intellectual and Artistic Renaissance
Test Two
• Describe Humanism.
• How did Humanism start and evolve?
• Name three (3) important people in the history of
• Is Humanism a philosophy of today? Explain.
The Intellectual
• The key intellectual movement of the Renaissance was
• It was based upon the study of the classic works of the
Greeks and Romans.
• Humanists studied grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral
philosophy and history.
• Today we call these the Humanities.
• Petrarch of the 1400th century became the father of the
Renaissance Humanism.
• Petrarch spend his life searching and translating the old
Greek and Roman writings.
• He stressed the works of Roman poets Cicero and Virgil.
• He stressed life was for study and not family.
• But in Florence, humanists took a new interest in civic life.
• Study should be to serve the state.
• Humanists used classic Latin language and it became the
official language for scholars, lawyers and theologians.
• A few writers wrote in the vernacular French and German
like Dante and Chaucer.
• Dante wrote the Divine Comedy which describes heaven, hell
and purgatory.
• Chaucer wrote the Canterbury Tales which told 26 stories set
at the tomb of Thomas Beckett at Canterbury, England.
• Humanists believed education could change human beings
for the good.
• They wrote textbooks and created schools.
• They believed only through education that people could
develop into their full potential.
• Only through education could wisdom and virtue be
• Rhetoric (logos, pathos, and ethnos) was needed to convince
others to become enlightened through education.
• Like the Greeks, humanists stressed physical fitness.
• Skills like javelin throwing, archery, dancing, running,
wrestling, hunting and swimming were taught.
• Almost all the Renaissance students were male.
The Artistic Renaissance in Italy
• All Renaissance artists sought to imitate nature in their
• Humans became the center and measure of all things.
• Frescos became the major paint media.
• Frescos developed to display depth, style, laws of perspective
and light.
• Reality became the goal.
• Sculptors like Donatello studied human anatomy
• Architecture copied the ancient Greek and Roman buildings.
• Some artists used many different medias, like Michelangelo,
Raphael, and da Vinci.
• Raphael became famous for his paintings of the Madonna.
• Michelangelo for his fresco in the Sistine Chapel
• Da Vinci for his oil paintings (Mona Lisa)