Download melody and syncopation

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Serialism wikipedia , lookup

Circle of fifths wikipedia , lookup

Harmony wikipedia , lookup

Polyrhythm wikipedia , lookup

Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony wikipedia , lookup

Mode (music) wikipedia , lookup

Just intonation wikipedia , lookup

Melody is the horizontal succession of sounds with different pitches and
Melody is made up of notes that appear in order and correspond to the musical idea
of the composer. To make sure that the sounds express the right idea, they have to
follow a structure.
A melodic structure is formed by themes and these themes are formed by phrases.
For example, in the first theme of Ode to joy we see that the length of each musical
phrase is 4 bars and the theme is made up of two phrases, which means that the
length of this theme is 8 bars. In fact, this is the most common structure.
Ode to joy theme
There is also another structure when we take into account the notes and pitches of
every melody. It depends on the scale. A scale is a sequence of notes from which
melodies and harmony can be derived. Scales are named according to the first note or
degree. For example, in the C (do) major scale the first degree is the note do and this is
the most important degree. Other important degrees are the fifth degree (dominant)
and the fourth degree (subdominant).
The most used scales in western music are the major scale and the minor scale.
Both scales have seven notes and they are different because of the distance between
their notes or degrees. In the major scale, you have one tone of distance between the
first and second degree, the second and third, the fourth and fifth, the fifth and sixth
and the sixth and seventh degree. However, you have one semitone between the third
and fourth degree and the seventh and first (eighth) degree.
Do major scale
In the minor scale you always have one tone of distance between the consecutive
degrees except between the second and third degree and the fifth and sixth degree.
A minor scale
The differences between the minor and the major scales are the distances between
their degrees, and because of these distances, you have a different character or
atmosphere in the melodies that you can create with each scale. The major scale
would suggest a clear, positive and cheerful character, and the minor scale would
suggest a more dark and melancholic character.
Syncopation is the disturbance or interruption of the regular flow of rhythm,
placing stresses or accents where they don’t normally occur. The aim is to displace the
natural accented notes, which are usually on the strong beats, and force them to fall
on the weak beats being later prolonged on the strong beats or times. In 2/4, 3/4 and
4/4 times the first beat is stressed while the others are weak, except for the 4/4,
where the third beat is semi-strong.