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Transcript
The Geography of
Greece
The Bronze Age
•
Because of
Bronze tools
Two concurrent
civilizations emerged:
Minoan on the Island of
Crete
Knossos: Minoan
Civilization
Minoan Civilization
The Land of Greece:
Mycenaean Civilization
Greek City State
Phidias’ Acropolis: Hilltop City
The Acropolis Today
Parthenon: Draw what
you see
The Agora: describe
what you see
Homer: The “Heroic Age”: Wrote
the Illiad and the Odyssey
Lots of fighting between the Greek City states
The Mask of
Agamemnon
ATHENS: Yesterday &
Today
Piraeus: Athens’ Port City
Pericles: KING that brought
justice. He made Athens
democratic.
460 BCE – 429 BCE
Persian Wars: 499 BCE – 480 BCE
Persian Wars: Famous
Battles
$
Marathon (490 BCE)

$
Thermopylae (480 BCE)

$
26 miles from Athens
300 Spartans at the
pass
Salamis (480 BCE)

Athenian navy victorious
Mountain
The Classical Greek “Ideal” in art.
The Ancient Olympics:
competition between
city states.
Olympia: Temple to Hera
The 2004 Olympics
Olympia
SPARTA
SPARTA
: A warrior class emerged.
Philosophers
$
$
Socrates

Know thyself!

question everything

only the pursuit of goodness
brings happiness.
Plato

The Academy first school

The world of the FORMS

The Republic  philosopher-king
Great Athenian
Philosophers
$
Aristotle

The Lyceum: His school

“Golden Mean” [everything in
moderation].

Logic.

Scientific method.
Athens: The Arts &
Sciences
$
$
DRAMA (tragedies):

Aeschylus

Sophocles

Euripides
THE SCIENCES:

Pythagoras: A2+B2=C2

Democritus  all matter made up of
small atoms.

Hippocrates  “Father of Medicine”
Athenian Law
 Focus on the
Individual
Responsibility
Honor
Integrity
Peloponnesian Wars
Alexander the Great:
Took over the throne at 19
Alexander spread the
empire larger than any
ruler before him.
Alexander’s goal was to spread the
wisdom of Greece to the world
The Hellenization of Asia
Pergamum: A
Hellenistic City
The Economy of the
Hellenistic World
Hellenistic
Philosophers
$ Cynics  Diogenes

ignore social conventions &
avoid luxuries.

citizens of the world.

live a humble, simple life.
$ Epicurians  Epicurus
 avoid pain & seek pleasure.
 all excess leads to pain!
Hellenism: The Arts &
Sciences
$ Mathematicians:
 Aristarchus  heliocentric theory.
 Euclid  geometry
 Archimedes  pulley
$ Hellenistic Art:

More realistic; less ideal than
Hellenic art.

Showed individual emotions,
wrinkles, and age!
The Breakup of Alexander’s Empire