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Science chapter C4 Study Guide
Name __________ Test on _____________
A constellation is a group of stars that form a
A lunar eclipse is when the Earth comes between
the sun and the moon.
A solar eclipse is a result of a body blocking the
sun’s light.
Ceres is to asteroid as Shoemaker-Levy is to
Day is to rotation as year is to revolution.
Direct sunlight is to summer as indirect sunlight is
to winter.
Earth and Pluto each have one moon.
Earth and the other planets close to the sun are
made mostly of rock.
Earth is a satellite of the sun.
Earth is to planet as sun is to star.
Earth is to rock as Jupiter is to gas.
Earth’s air is to meteor as Earth’s surface is to
Hale-Bopp is to comet as Ursa Major is to
Jupiter is so far that it took Galileo about six years
to reach it.
Jupiter’s Great Red Spot is a giant storm.
Mariner is to Mercury as Magellan is to Venus.
One full orbit of the Earth around the sun is called
a revolution.
Orbit is to path as spin is to rotate.
Pioneer is to Venus as Pathfinder is to Mars.
Pluto, a dwarf planet, is the smallest planet
followed by Mercury, Mars, Venus, and then Earth.
Saturn is to gas as Pluto is to ice.
Saturn’s moons are a variety of sizes.
Scientists think Saturn’s rings were formed by
broken apart moons.
Sunlight is a form of the sun’s energy.
The Earth rotates once a day on an imaginary line
called an axis.
The phase of the moon that cannot be seen is the
new moon.
The phases of the moon are the parts that are
The planets in our solar system, like Earth, reflect
the sun’s light.
The moon is a satellite of the Earth.
The moon revolves around the Earth about once a
The sun, at any given time, heats the surface of the
earth unevenly because the Earth’s axis is tilted.
Voyager and Galileo visited Jupiter.
Voyager is to spacecraft as Hubble is to telescope.