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भारत गणराज्य VISHNU THE PRESERVER Vishnu governs the aspect of preservation and sustenance of the universe, so he is called “Preserver of the universe”. In almost all Hindu denominations, Vishnu is either worshipped directly or in the form of his ten avatara, most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna. VISHNU: Symbols The Four Arms & Hands: holding a lotus, mace, conch and a wheel Sudarshana Chakra symbolizes the purified spiritualized mind. Kaumodaki (Gada / mace) symbolizes his divine power is the source of all spiritual, mental and physical strength. Panchajanya (Shankha / conch shell) represents his power to create and maintain the universe. Padma (Lotus) represents • spiritual liberation • Divine perfection • purity and the • unfolding of Spiritual consciousness within the individual. VISHNU: Symbols The crown symbolizes his supreme authority. sometimes depicted having a peacock feather Around his neck, he wears the auspicious "Kaustubha" jewel, and a “vanamaalaa” (garland of flowers) The two earrings represent inherent opposites in creation: • knowledge and ignorance • happiness and unhappiness • pleasure and pain The color of his skin is new-cloud-like-blue VISHNU: Symbols Vishnu rests on Ananta Shesha: the immortal and infinite snake. VISHNU: The AVATARS An Avatar, meaning “descent” or “incarnation”, is a deliberate descent of a deity to earth, or a descent of the Supreme Being. VISHNU: The AVATARS The concept of avatar within Hinduism is most often associated with Vishnu. Vishnu's avatars typically descend for a very specific purpose. VISHNU: The AVATARS An oft-quoted passage from the Bhagavad Gita describes the typical role of an avatar of Vishnu—to bring dharma, or righteousness, back to the social and cosmic order: VISHNU: The AVATARS “Whenever righteousness wanes and unrighteousness increases I send myself forth. For the protection of the good and for the destruction of evil, and for the establishment of righteousness, I come into being age after age.” (Gita:4.7–8) VISHNU: The Dashavatara The ten best known avatars of Vishnu are collectively known as the “Dashavatara”. Avatar literally means "descent, alight, to make one's appearance", and refers to the embodiment of the essence of a superhuman being or a deity in another form. VISHNU: The Dashavatara Yuga in Hinduism is an epoch or era within a four age cycle. A complete Yuga starts with the Satya Yuga, via Treta Yuga and Dvapara Yuga into a Kali Yuga. Satya yuga Treta yuga Dwapara yuga Kali yuga. Satya Yuga The first of the four Yugas, the "Yuga (Age or Era) of Truth", when humanity is governed by gods, and every manifestation or work is close to the purest ideal and humanity will allow intrinsic goodness to rule supreme. Treta Yuga - Ages of mankind Treta Yuga is the second out of the four yugas, or ages of mankind, in the religion of Hinduism. (Treta means 'a collection of three things ) 5TH - Vamana 6TH - Parashurama 7TH Rama Treta Yuga lasted 1,296,000 years. Dvapara Yuga / Dwapara Yuga – Ages of compassion and truthfulness. The third out of four Yugas, or ages, described in the scriptures of Hinduism. There are only two pillars of religion during the Dvapara Yuga: compassion and truthfulness. Kali Yuga - Age of [the demon] Kali", or "age of vice") The last of the four stages the world goes through as part of the cycle of yugas described in the Sanskrit scriptures. Kali Yuga is associated with the demon Kali. VISHNU: The Dashavatara 1. MATSYA the fish-avatar who saved Manu – the progenitor of mankind from the great flood and rescued the Vedic scriptures by killing a demon. VISHNU: The Dashavatara Manu said prostrating before the fish."Manu, the Yuga is about to end in seven days. There will be a great flood and all living things on the earth would perish. I want you to build a big ship. Take the seeds of all plants, the male and female of every animal, and the seven sages along with their families. Take them all on the ship"Manu nodded. The fish continued. "Don't forget to bring Vasuki, the snake God also." Manu nodded again as he watched the fish tear through the ocean to the other side. VISHNU: The Dashavatara 2. KURMA the tortoise-avatar, who helped in the Samudra manthan – the churning of the ocean. VISHNU: The Dashavatara In KURMA Avatar, Lord Vishnu incarnates himself as a tortoise. It is an interesting story involving both the gods (Devtas) and asuras (demons). In the ongoing saga of battle between the gods and asuras, on one occasion the gods suddenly lost all their strength due to a curse by the shorttempered sage Durvasa. The sage had once presented a garland of flowers to Indra,king of gods, who carelessly gave it away to his elephant which trampled it. VISHNU: The Dashavatara 3. VARAHA the boar-avatar, who rescued the earth from the ocean, by killing her kidnapperdemon Hiranyaksha VISHNU: The Dashavatara One day Lord Vishnu was resting in his palace, when Lord Brahma’s four sons came to meet him. They were stopped at the entrance by two guards, Jaya and Vijaya. They did not allow them to enter as their master was resting, Brahma’s sons were very angry and cursed Jaya and Vijaya to be born as humans on earth and to leave their godly status. Lord Vishnu arrived at the spot and apologized for Jaya and Vijaya’s behavior as they were merely doing their duty. So as a compensation Brahma’s son said that curse would be lifted when Jaya and Vijaya in human forms would meet their death at Lord Vishnu’s hands. VISHNU: The Dashavatara 4. NARASIMHA the half manhalf lion avatar, who killed the tyrant demonking Hiranyakashipu, to rescue the demon's son Prahlada, who was a Vishnu-devotee. VISHNU: The Dashavatara 5. VAMANA, the dwarfavatar, who subdued the king Maha Bali VISHNU: The Dashavatara 6. PARASHURAMA - The Warrior Incarnation sage with the axe who killed the thousandarmed king Kartavirya Arjuna. TRETA YUGA - the second out of the four yugas, or ages of mankind SAGE JAMADAGNI RENUKA DEVI SAGE JAMADAGNI RENUKA DEVI Pot made of mud POOJA / PUJA A prayer ritual performed by Hindus to host, honour and worship one or more deities, or to spiritually celebrate an event. Gandharvas Messanger of Lord Indra RAMA Gandharvas Messanger of Lord Indra Distinct heavenly beings in Hinduism and Buddhism; it is also a term for skilled singers in Indian classical music. Mental adultery SAGE JAMADAGNI RENUKA DEVI RAMA SAGE JAMADAGNI RENUKA DEVI “Kill your mother, Rama” shouted Jamadagni to his last son Parashurama. RAMA Rama’s two wishes Lesson: Mercy above Justice SAGE JAMADAGNI KING KARTAVIRYA Sage has a sacred cow – Kamadhenu also known as Surabhi (the fragrant one) Described in Hinduism as the mother of all cows. She is a miraculous "cow of plenty" who provides her owner whatever he desires. SAGE JAMADAGNI and Surabhi (the fragrant one) Parashurama ("Rama with an axe") Parashurama Killing Kartaveerya Parasurama conquered different countries and killed all the”. ‘KSHATRIYA KINGS” He decided to captured King Dasaratha. After how many years… Rama The seventh avatar of the Hindu God Vishnu. Rama - the Perfect Man or Lord of Self-Control or Lord of Virtue. VISHNU: The Dashavatara 7. RAMA the king of Ayodhya and the hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana. VISHNU: The Dashavatara 8. KRISHNA the king of Dwarka, a central character in the Bhagavata Purana and the Mahabharata and reciter of Bhagavad Gita. VISHNU: The Dashavatara 9. BUDDHA in Hinduism is viewed as an Avatar of Vishnu. Similarly, a number of Hindu traditions portray Buddha as the most recent (ninth) of ten principal avatars, known as the Daśāvatāra (Ten Incarnations of God). VISHNU: The Dashavatara 10. KALKI ("Eternity", or "time", or "The Destroyer of foulness"), is the tenth and final Maha Avatar (great incarnation) of Vishnu who will come to end the precent age of darkness and destruction known as Kali Yuga. SHIVA: The Destroyer SHIVA: The Destroyer Śiva meaning "auspicious one" is a major Hindu deity, and is the destroyer god or transformer among the Trimurti. SHIVA: The Destroyer God Shiva is a yogi who has notice of everything that happens in the world and is the main aspect of life. Yet one with great power lives a life of a sage at Mount Kailash. SHIVA: The Destroyer A yogi (sometimes spelled jogi) is a practitioner of yoga. In Vedic Sanskrit, yoga (from the root yuj) means "to add", "to join", "to unite", or "to attach" in its most common literal sense. Yogi is technically male, and yoginī is the term used for female practitioners.