* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Jorge Argueta, DBA, MA, CADC Partner Abuse Intervention Programs 08/12/2016 Avance Counseling (773) 293-1770 LABELING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CLASSES CRIMINAL BATTERED ABUSER PERPETRATOR ABUSER’S GROUP DOMESTIC VIOLENCE COUNSELING BATTERER’S GROUP BATTERER’S THERAPY PARTNER ABUSE INTERVENTION PROGRAM (PAIP) Theoretical Perspectives Psychological theories: Factors in the individual that lead to an inclination to commit a violent crime Social learning, psychopathology, impulsecontrol problems, low self-esteem, attitudes, personality, attachment……………………. Zimbardo, Milgram studies Theoretical Perspectives Social learning theory Violence Past is learned learning experiences Observing or experiencing violence Own aggression refined through reinforcement Cognitive factors especially important Attributions Theoretical Perspectives Sociological theories: Systems theory Family interaction patterns Interpersonal conflict violence (pushing, shoving) Non-systematic abuse (kicking, hitting, throwing objects) Systematic abuse (beating, choking, knives, guns) Roles, relationships, & feedback mechanisms Cycle of Violence Feminist theory and battering “Feminist theory is becoming the dominant model for explaining violence toward women.” Cross cultural research Contains both an explanation and a solution Many feminist scholars are sociologists “Feminist theory offers a single-variable analysis, albeit a powerful one, in a multi-variable world.” Anthropology: The more sex/gender equality in a society, the less violence toward women. Theoretical Perspectives Feminist theory Gendered Patriarchal society (broad set of cultural beliefs and values that support male dominance of woman) Feminism recognizes the societal structure as benefiting certain demographic groups while oppressing other groups of people. Male Privilege Political and Socio-cultural Subordination Male Dominance Men are supposed to be… strong, fast, a bread-winner, smart. Men are supposed to do... work, fix things, outside work, the hard stuff, protect Men are supposed to have… a job, a lot of money, daring, courage, sexual prowess, confidence Men are NOT supposed to…be effeminate, cry, complain, be weak, and ever, ever, act like a girl The “Code” Male Police Living up to the expectation of other males •Needs and Rights of Men and Women are Fundamentally the Same We are gender Neutral by nature •Counselors and Case Managers Can’t Make People Change 1970s - First shelter opened in the States Feminists recognized the need to develop and implement new policies and protocols to protect victims Advocacy groups, the press, lawmakers, researchers, academia and the public, leader in different disciplines 1978 : A domestic abuse case Cindy Landfried was battered for 3 yrs, finally she shot and kill her husband. Duluth Domestic Abuse Intervention Project, • After a particularly brutal domestic homicide in Duluth in 1980, founders set out to reform police, court and human services response to domestic violence. Activists from battered women’s movement around the country invited to Dulth to help build guidelines for counselors to use in courtmandated groups. “The Duluth Model” Law enforcement Medical Judiciary Com. organizations Judiciary Com. organizations Pence (1996). Coordinated Community Response to Domestic Assault Cases: A Guide for Policy Development. MN :Minnesota Program Development, Inc. • March 2, 1981 • The priority is always the victims safety. • Launch Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (DAIP) • Adopt policies and procedures to coordinate interventions • Use legal sanctions, rehabilitation programs and incarceration when necessary • Cooperation among criminal justice, social welfare, and advocacy organizations • Arrest policy • 24 weeks of group counseling mandated for abusers as a condition of probation • Violence is recognized as a means of power and control To increase victim safety To increase accountability of the perpetrators To break the climate of tolerance to domestic violence CONFIDENTIALITY AND DOCUMENTATION • comprehensive community-based system intervention • strengthened criminal justice response • strong pro-arrest policy • consistent sentencing of perpetrators • Good victim advocacy and support • Mandatory attendance • Strong penalties. • Definitions of Abuse • Red Flags and Self Talk • Communication Skills • Empathy Training • Alcohols and Drugs • Relapse Prevention • Lectures need to be simple and straightforward Don’t generalize Refer to partners by name • The use of video clips, group exercises, demonstrations and role-plays, and humor Batterer intervention vs. anger management Anger management: • Addresses general violence. • The targeted violence tends to be characterized as a momentary outburst. • Focuses on simply managing one's behavior. PAIP • Is designed to focus on perpetrators of intimate partner violence. • The targeted violence is a pattern of behavior that uses violence to achieve control over one person by another. • Focuses ultimately on changing belief systems. TAB ONE TAB TWO TAB THREE TAB FOUR TAB FIVE Couple or family counseling can be very dangerous for victims of domestic violence. It is important to stress that abuse is not the victim's fault. Counselors may need to address domestic violence and substance abuse with different interventions. Confrontational techniques are often not effective with victims of domestic abuse. Some examples of words to avoid with these women are codependency, enabling, and powerlessness. It is important to avoid codependency and enabling. because these concepts do not hold the batterer fully accountable for his behavior. Abusers are capable of transformation Not all alike: some show no apparent remorse; others are truly appalled at their behavior. Must be held personally responsible by the community. Must establish an environment that is nonjudgmental, nonviolent, and respectful of women and children. Must be willing to work through a long process in which he becomes accountable.