* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Two Different Approaches to Psychology SSSM Standard Social Science Model EP Evolutionary Psychology Major Contrast SSSM All is Learned No instincts General Processor Culture transcends biology EP Some is innate Instincts Modularity Biology builds, influences, and constrains culture EP Principle Assumptions Humans Evolved Theory of Natural selection Traits vary across generations Traits that promote survival & reproduction naturally selected (Adaptation) Naturally Selected traits passed on to next generation Applied to Brain and Behavior Social Behavior as set of Adaptations Important Evolutionary Changes for Humans Bipedalism Frees up the hands Climbing, throwing, gesturing Opposable Thumbs Dexterity Tools Big Brains Language Complex Emotions & Social Behavior Consciousness? Imagination Misinterpretations Genes are not Blueprints (do not determine) Genes more like recipes (guide) & triggers EP is not Biological Determinism EP is not Genes + Environment EP IS Genes x Environment CULTURE (Environment) matters! Behavior Changes with age Behavioral Change with age as Maturation Building a car versus building an adult human Environment – Organism Interaction Example: language Neurobehavioral Research: Case Studies Violence & the Brain Dyscontrol Syndrome • Assumptions: • Diseased violence triggers (bad brain) • Excessive, Impulsive Violence • Hidden disease • Four Symptoms • • • • History of Violence History of traffic violations Sexual Impulsivity Pathological intoxication • DS can exist without overt physical symptoms • Intervene • Surgery • Lobotomy Julia Epilepsy Episodes of Violent Rage Surgery Consequences Charles Whitman ? Split-Brain Syndrome Cross Wiring Touch sensations from left side of body to RH; sensations from right side of body to LH Motor control cross wired as well Other Sensory Systems cross wired Psychosurgery What is it? Why do it?