Download Topic 16 IB Chemistry Definitions

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Chemistry: Definitions
Topic 16 – Kinetics
Activated complex:
Created during a bimolecular process. Not a chemical substance which can
be isolated, but consists of reacting particles in which bonds are in the
process of being broken and formed. Can break down to form either the
products or back to the original reactants.
Arrhenius equation:
An equation showing the relationship between the temperature and the
rate constant.
Bimolecular process: A reaction which occurs when two species collide and interact.
Order of reaction:
Rate constant:
The rate is always proportional to the concentration of a reactant raised
to a power, where the power is the order of the reaction with respect
to that reactant.
The constant of proportionality in the rate expression. Unit is: (mol dm-3)1
– overall order
Rate expression:
An equation that shows the relationship between the concentrations of
the reactants and the rate of the reaction. Every species in the rate
expression must occur in the rate determining step or in an equilibrium
occurring before it.
Rate-determining step: The slowest step of a reaction. This determines the rate of the entire
Unimolecular process: A process in which a single species breaks down into two or more