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Name: _______________________________________________ Date: __________ Period: _________
Honors Biology: The Evolution (13.1-13.6) Guided Reading
How did Charles Darwin’s observations lead to the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection?
1. On your own…Read Sections 13.1-13.6
2. Define the following terms:
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Adaptations:
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Evolution:
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Artificial selection:
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Natural Selection:
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Extinction:
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Paleontologist:
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Fossil record:
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Biogeography:
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Homology:
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Homologous structures:
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Vestigial organs (structures):
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Evolutionary tree:
3. How is an evolutionary adaptation different from what we commonly refer to as adapting?
4. How did the following people/ideas influence Darwin?
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Aristotle:
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Lamarck:
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Charles Lyell:
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Thomas Malthus:
5. Describe Darwin’s voyage on the HMS Beagle. What were his observations? …his inferences?
6. What is meant by the phrase “descent with modification”?
7. How does DDT provide an example of natural selection in action?
8. How does evidence from the following support Darwin’s ideas:

Fossils and the fossil record:
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Biogeography:
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Comparative anatomy:
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Molecular Biology: