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Transcript
REGIONAL TERMS IN
ANATOMY
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Mr. Taylor
ANTERIOR BODY
LANDMARKS
ABDOMINAL
Anterior body trunk; inferior to the ribs
AXILLARY
Armpit
BUCCAL
Cheek area
CERVICAL
Neck region
FEMORAL
Thigh
NASAL
Nose area
ORBITAL
Eye area
PERONEAL (CRURAL)
Lateral leg
STERNAL
Breastbone area (sternum)
THORACIC
Chest area
ANTECUBITAL
Anterior surface of the elbow
BRACHIAL
Arm
CARPAL
Wrist
DIGITAL
Fingers, toes
INGUINAL
Area where thigh meets body trunk
ORAL
Mouth
PATELLAR
Anterior knee
PUBIC
Genital region
TARSAL
Ankle region
UMBILICAL
Navel
POSTERIOR BODY
LANDMARKS
CEPHALIC
Head
GLUTEAL
Buttock
OCCIPITAL
Posterior surface of the head
SCAPULAR
Shoulder blade region (scapula)
VERTEBRAL
Area of the spine
DELTOID
Shoulder curve – large muscle
LUMBAR
Area of back between ribs and hips
POPLITEAL
Posterior knee area
SURAL
Posterior surface of leg; calf
BODY PLANES AND
SECTIONS
PLANE=IMAGINARY LINE
SECTION = CUT
SAGITTAL SECTION
Cut lengthwise dividing into right and left parts
FRONTAL SECTION
Lengthwise cut divides into anterior and posterior
CORONAL SECTION
Another name for frontal section
MIDSAGITTAL SECTION
Cut into equal right and left parts
TRANSVERSE SECTION
Horizontal cut into superior and inferior parts
CROSS SECTION
Same as transverse section
BODY CAVITIES
CRANIAL CAVITY
Space inside the skull for the brain
THORACIC CAVITY
Protects lungs, heart; ribs
ABDOMINAL CAVITY
Stomach, liver, intestines
DORSAL BODY CAVITY
Contains cranial and spinal cavities
ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY
Is found inferior to the diaphragm; contains
abdominal and pelvic regions
SPINAL CAVITY
Extends from cranial cavity to the end of the
vertebral column
DIAPHRAGM
Muscle in the thoracic cavity
PELVIC CAVITY
Contains reproductive organs
VENTRAL BODY CAVITY
Contains the chest and abdomen
4 QUADRANTS
RUQ – right upper quadrant
LUQ – left upper quadrant
RLQ – right lower quadrant
LLQ – left lower quadrant
ADDITIONAL REGIONS
ACROMIAL
Lateral shoulder
COXAL
Hip
CALCANEAL
Heel
OCCIPITAL
Posterior surface of the head
OLECRANOL
Posterior surface of the elbow
PLANTAR
Bottom of or underside of foot
SACRAL
Area between the hips; inferior to lumbar region
OBLIQUE SECTION
Cut at an angle
LONGITUDINAL CUT
Lengthwise or vertical cut