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Baroque Instrumental Music Chapter 9 More on Baroque Instrumental Music… Most important form: Concerto and the Concerto Grosso Composition between orchestra and soloist. Composition between a small group of soloists. Movements A way to extend a composition is to write in in movements or a smaller self contained section of a greater piece of music. Typical Baroque Concerto Three Movements 1. Fast 2. Slow 3. Fast Ritornello Form Theme returns between other musical ideas. These other musical ideas are often to show off and include many fast notes. Vivaldi Violin Concerto First Movement Fast Ritornello Form Variation Form The successive, uninterrupted repetition of a clearly defined melodic unit. Melody may be all in one voice or may be spread around. Usually above a basso ostinato Vivaldi Violin Concerto Second Movement Slow Variation Form Vivaldi Violin Concerto Third Movement Fast Ritornello Form Fugue Polyphonic composition for a fixed number of lines or voices. Fugueʼs theme called the subject. Exposition all voices presented in an organized, clear way. Subject Entries - different keys Episode - Fantasies from theme. Dance Suite Sets of dances in various styles composed in a suite. Baroque dance form |:a:||:b:| French Overture ABA form Written as stand alone pieces for orchestras Use to open a concert or performance.