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Flow of Energy in a System: Energy Pyramid This is a Learning Experience and will teach you about food pyramids A. Color as instructed-the colors will help explain the concepts. B. Color lightly, you will be writing in the sections so make sure you color light enough that you will be able to write and label items. C. All writing must be within the pyramid. D. In your journal, on a clean page, make a large circle sun to fill the entire page, and label it sun Follow these instructions. See Mrs. Holloway’s example Do not cut out the image until Mrrs. Holloway instructs you to do so ALL SIDES ❏ Shade the first layer green. You will be writing in this section. ❏ Shade the second layer yellow. You will be writing in this section ❏ Shade the third layer blue. You will be writing in this section. ❏ Shade the fourth layer red. You will be writing in this section. FIRST SIDE ❏ Label the bottom green layer: Autotroph: write a definition of the biological term autotroph ❏ Label the yellow, blue and red layers: Heterotroph: write a definition of the biological term heterotroph in the yellow layer. SECOND SIDE ❏ Label the green layer: Producer-write a definition of the biological term producer in the green layer. ❏ Label the yellow layer: Primary Consumer : write a definition of the biological term primary consumer in the yellow layer. Label Herbivore ❏ Label the blue layer: Secondary Consumer Label Carnivore Omnivore ❏ Label the red layer: Tertiary Consumer Carnivore ❏ On the side between the first and second side: label :Decomposer Draw a box or line or arrows that go from the first layer to the top layer. See example ❏ Now go to FOURTH SIDE! (You will return to the THIRD SIDE) FOURTH SIDE ❏ The green layer: ❏ The yellow layer: Write a definition for the biological term herbivore ❏ The blue layer: Write a definition for the biological terms omnivore and the biological term carnivore ❏ The red layer: Write a definition for the biological terms apex predator ❏ On the side between the fourth and third side: Write a definition for the biological term decomposer. THIRD SIDE ❏ The following are a list of organisms found in Eastern Europe:Divide the organisms within your group. ❏ Fill out the graphic organizer below. In teams of two or three divide the list and research the organisms. Fill out the chart. Use https://www.kidzsearch.com/boolify/ for to search for answers ❏ An organism is either a producer, consumer or decomposer ❏ An organism that is a consumer is either a herbivore, omnivore, or carnivore based on what it eats. ❏ A consumer is either a primary, secondary or tertiary consumer based on what it eats. Organism Producer or Consumer or Decomposer? If it is a consumer- is it an herbivore, omnivore or a carnivore If it is a consumer-what level? 1, 2, or 3? Birch tree Ex. Producer N/A N/A White tail Eagle Ex. Consumer carnivore 3 Corn poppy Hedgehog Common European Viper Kurki(chanterelles) European beaver European Fire Bellied Toad European Chamois European Pond Turtle European bison White stork Hogweed Black widow spider Hispaniolan Giant Tarantulas Image Cattail: Typha latifolia Apollo butterfly German cockroach Wild boar European wolf Ramsons allium (wild garlic) ❏ On side 3 of the pyramid, write in the names of the above organisms on the correct level. For example if the organism Birch Tree is a producer, then write the name in the green layer on side 3. ❏ Write the name of the decomposers at the very bottom in black on Side 3 of the pyramid. ❏ On the third side, draw arrows going up from the green level to the yellow, yellow to the blue, blue to the red layer. This the flow or direction of energy -the energy of the plants goes to the herbivores or primary consumers. Then the energy of the primary consumers goes to the secondary consumers. The energy of the secondary consumers goes to the tertiary consumers. ❏ Cut on the dotted line. Now cut out the outer shape of your pyramid and fold on the lines radiating from the center. Tape or glue it together. Putting it All Together: Thinking and Analysis Answer the following questions in complete sentences. Q1. What are two terms used to describe organisms such as the birch tree? Q2. What are three terms used to describe organisms such as the hedgehog? Q3. Where does all of the energy in the energy pyramid originate from? Q4. Definitions:Read the definitions and write 2 terms from the list below that would match with the definition (decomposer, autotroph, heterotroph, producer, consumer) An organism that makes its own food, usually from the process of photosynthesis An organism that can not make its own food and must get energy from other living things. An organism that can not make its own food and must get its energy from the process of breaking down other organisms. Q5. Definitions: Read the definitions and write the one or two terms from the list below that would match with the definition (primary consumer, secondary consumer, tertiary consumer, carnivore, herbivore, omnivore, apex predator) An organism that gains energy from consuming other animals and plants An organism that gains energy from eating plants An organism that gains energy from eating other animals An organism that is at the top of the energy pyramid and no to few real predators. Q 6: CER (claim, evidence, reasoning) SEP Name of student ____________________ Name of Partner ________________ Below is a claim, give evidence from your formative assessments and learning experiences to support this claim and explain your reasoning Claim Evidence Underline the evidence you use that is from the pyramid. Bold the evidence you used from the class discussion, slideshow, and journal notes Reasoning: Use each piece of evidence to support the claim. All organisms contain solar energy that has been changed into chemical energy.