Download Unit 6 Vocab Log – DNA Structure Term: DNA Definition: The

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Nucleic acid analogue wikipedia, lookup

List of types of proteins wikipedia, lookup

Artificial gene synthesis wikipedia, lookup

Biosynthesis wikipedia, lookup

DNA repair wikipedia, lookup

Unit 6 Vocab Log – DNA Structure
The hereditary material in humans and almost all other
organisms; found in the cell’s nucleus.
The basic physical and functional unit of heredity; a
small segment of DNA.
Thread-like structures; each chromosome is made up
of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins that
support its structure.
Double Helix
The structure formed by double-stranded molecules
of nucleic acids such as DNA.
Building blocks of nucleic acids, nucleotides are
subunits of DNA composed of a nitrogenous base, a
five-carbon sugar, and at least one phosphate group.
Nitrogen Bases
One of the nitrogen-containing purines (adenine or
guanine) or pyrimidines (cytosine, thymine) found in
DNA. The bases may be attached to a sugar and
phosphate to make a nucleotide.
A codon is a sequence of three DNA nucleotides that
corresponds with a specific amino acid or stop signal
during protein synthesis.