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Archaic Greece 776-490 BC
• Alphabet
• Shift from geometric to oriental in
pottery
• City-state - polis
• Colonization
• Hoplite warfare
• Tyranny and class struggle
Dipylon Vase 740 BC
Corinthian style: oriental
oenochoe
Polis: Attica
Astu (city) and
chora
(countryside)
Synoecism
Basileus and
archon
Assembly
Rise of
aristocracy
Greek Colonization: metropolis; oikistes;
Hoplite
armor;
phalanx
Class struggle
• Aristocracy: hoi agathoi
• Thetes; mortgages
• Tyranny and resistance to aristocrats
Thucydides
•
•
•
•
History of Peloponnesian War (431-404)
Greatest war
Reconstructive anthropology
Trojan war; Persian invasion; tyranny
Hesiod: Works and Days
• Ascra, Boeotia
• Didactic poetry
• Near Eastern wisdom literature