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 Soft
tissues
 Types of injuries and the causes
 The Inflammatory process
 Sprain vs Strain
 Different jumps
 MOT
 Ans to problem
Ligament
Tendon
Muscle
Cells, collagen fibers
and proteoglycals
Consists of type I
collagen
Made up of
myofibrils;
composed of
protein filaments
(actin and myosin)
Parallel, oblique or
Fibre
arrangement even spiral
Parallel errors of
tropocollagen
Unipennate,
multipennete or
fusiform patterns
Function
•Connects muscles to
bone
• Producing motion
and contributing to
joint stabilization.
Permit movement
and maintain
posture.
Microscopic
structure
•Connects bone to
bone
• Passively stabilizes
the joints
• Proprioceptive
function
•Soft
tissue injuries
cartilage
muscle
ligament
tendon
•Skeletal injuries (fractures)
 Tendons
 Acute/
overuse injuries
 Tendinosis/Tendinitis
 Tenosynovitis (inflammation/irritation)
 Avulsion
 Ligaments
acute trauma
 Total/ partial rupture
 Muscles
 Distension
 Direct
trauma resulting in contusion of the
muscle
 Inflammation
is a local response that
occurs in vascularized tissue in response
to loading of sufficient magnitude that it
results in cell damage.
 Begins
with bleeding and plasma
exudation
 Initiates clotting
 Forms a meshwork of fibrin, fibronectin
and collagen
 Last a few days
 Accumulation
of large numbers of
endothelial cells, myofibroblasts and
fibroblasts at the site of injury.
 Ingrowth of capillaries begin
 Lasts for a few weeks
 Establishes
the final tissue structure
through continuous remodelling of the
scar tissue.
 No. of macrophages is significantly
reduced and mature blood supply is
established
 Lasts several months
Sprain
Strain
A sprain is an injury to a
ligament. A ligament is a
thick, tough, fibrous
tissue that connects bones
together
A strain is an injury to a
muscle or tendon.
Muscles move your
skeleton in an amazing
variety of ways.
http://orthopedics.about.com/cs/sprainsstrains/a/sprain.htm
Three types of movements associated with muscles
movements. They are static, concentric and eccentric.
ACTION!
DEFINITON!
Static
Non-moving
position of a
muscle. The
length of the
muscle does not
change.
Concentric
Shortening of the
muscle.
Eccentric
Lengthening of
the muscle.
JUMPS!
HOW?
Standing Jump
Starts from a stationary semisquatted position, does not
preliminary employ a downward
phase and thus does not involve prestretching of muscles.
Countermovement Jump
Starts from an upright standing
position, makes a preliminary
downward movement, and then
extending it to jump vertically up off
the ground.
Drop Jump
Drop down from a specified height
and then jumps upwards.
 Myositis: a
type in which connective
tissue forms within the muscle.
 Ossificans: the
deposit of bone in muscle
tissue, causing pain and swelling.
http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Myositis+ossificans+traumatica
 Andreas
uses countermovement jump
and suffered a sprain on the tendon.
 He
suffered tendinitis.