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World History Ch. 5 Test
Multiple Choice
Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. What was the effect of increased farming and trade?
a. A complex writing system was created.
b. The deserts became populated.
c. Geometry was developed.
d. An organized government developed.
2. The natural barrier that protected Egypt in the south was the
a. Sahara.
b. cataracts.
c. Red Sea.
d. Sudan.
3. The Great Pyramid in Giza was built for which pharaoh?
a. King Hapi
b. King Re
c. King Khufu
d. King Khafre
4. During the Middle Kingdom, Egypt conquered new territories, the, pharaohs made many improvements, and..
a. Memphis became the capital
b. a civil war divided eEgipt
c. the arts flourished.
d. many piramids were built
5. While building the pyramids, the Egyptians developed
a. geometry.
b. hieroglyphics.
c. a new social class.
d. a 365-day calendar with 12 months.
6. After breaking away from Egyptian rule, Kush eventually
a. refused to trade with Egypt.
b. gave up all Egyptian customs and beliefs.
c. conquered Egypt.
d. signed a peace treaty with Egypt.
7. What was the main reason the Middle Kingdom ended?...
a. A woman pharaoh, Hatshepsut, came into power
b. The Hyksos, warriors from western Asia, conquered Egypt.
c. Trade decreased greatly.
d. Nubia conquered Egypt
World History Ch. 5 Test
8. The ancient Egyptian civilization was the first to publish books describing advances in the field of
a. medicine.
b. irrigation.
c. mathematics.
d. astronomy.
9. Which egyptian ruler built many new temples during the new Kingdom period?
a. Ramses II
b. Seti I
c. Amenhotep IV
d. Tuthankhamun
10. To learn how to obtain life after death, the Egyptians studied the
a. Book of Spells.
b. Book of Life After Death.
c. Book of the Dead.
d. Book of Prayers.
11. This ruler avoided military conquests and expanded Egypt´s economy.
a. Nefertiti
b. Hatshepsut
c. Ramses II
d. Thutmose II
12. How did the Egyptians take advantage of the Nile’s yearly spring flooding?
a. They created hieroglyphics.
b. They irrigated during the dry season.
c. They became successful farmers.
d. They grew papyrus.
13. In what two ways are Mesopotamia and Egypt the same?
a. Both civilizations had the same types of government and religions beliefs.
b. Both had natural defenses and floods.
c. Farming surpluses meant people could become artisans, merchants, and traders. Both economies grew as a
result.
d. Both had major rivers and dependable floods.
14. The Nubian people came from the African savannas south of the
a. Sahara.
b. Red Desert.
c. Arabian Desert.
d. Eastern Desert.
World History Ch. 5 Test
15. Why was Napata a favorable location for trade?
a. A strong army afforded protection from bandits.
b. A powerful king ruled the city.
c. Trade caravans crossed the upper Nile there.
d. There were many merchants and artisans in the city.
16. The Egyptians willingly served their all-powerful leader because they believed
a. the leader had an afterlife.
b. the leader appointed officials.
c. unity came from a strong leader.
d. the leader’s wealth meant power.
17. What caused the decline and fall of the Egyptian empire?...
a. The people were too interested in their religion.
b. The Egyptians were attacked by neighboring peoples.
c. The people built too many temples and ran out of money.
d. Egyptian crops failed because of drought
18. Which is a reason that the Nile has been called “the lifeblood” of Egypt?
a. It borders two of the largest deserts in the world.
b. Its valley and delta provide fertile soil for farming.
c. It has dangerous cataracts.
d. It is the longest river in the world.
19. This Nubian kingdom was formed when the stronger villages overtook weaker ones.
a. Kush
b. Napata
c. Sudan
d. Kerma
20. The king who drove the Hyksos out of Egypt was
a. Meroë.
b. Amenhotep.
c. Amon Re.
d. Ahmose.
21. Which best describes the type of government in Egypt after 3100 B.C.?
a. a democracy
b. a dynasty
c. constitutional monarchy
d. an independent city-state
World History Ch. 5 Test
22. The Nile River’s flooding could be described as
a. gentle and predictable.
b. destructive.
c. rare.
d. unpredictable.
Essay
23. What rights did ancient Egyptian women have?
Subjective Short Answer
24. Why did the Egyptians build pyramids to honor their pharaohs?
25. In which social class did farmers belong, and what were their lives like?
Matching
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a. cataract
b. delta
c. dynasty
d. hieroglyphics
e. papyrus
26. a fan-shaped area of fertile marshland formed where the Nile River meets the Mediterranean Sea
27. a reed plant used to make paper
28. the Egyptian writing system that uses thousands of picture symbols representing objects and ideas
29. dangerous, rocky, fast-moving water
30. a line of rulers from one family