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Kierra Elfalan
Professor Moreno
English 126
May 31, 2011
Annotated Biography
Primary Source:
Ncmtman, “The Four Seasons.” YouTube, 29 Jan. 2011. Web. 10 May 2011. This a famous
piece composed by Antonio Vivaldi. The Four Seasons is a piece with four parts: Winter, Spring,
Summer, and Autumn. In this particular recording, the piece was performed by I Musici, an
Italian orchestra founded in 1952 by talented musicians, one being solo violinist Felix Ayo. The
work altogether was composed to reflect the seasons in sound and passion. I chose to use this
source because this piece is the most famous for this composer. I also love the piece myself, have
played the piece, and have listened to the piece numerous times. This song was also very helpful
contribution to my analysis of the style of this great composer.
Peer Reviewed Secondary Sources:
Selfridge-Field, E. “Tonal Space in the Music of Antonio Vivaldi.” Music Library Association.
Mar 2010: 542-544. ProQuest. Web. 14 May 2011. This source comes from an online database.
The text was taken from ideas, examples, and music from Antonio Vivaldi. Notes from pieces
are also included. I used this source in order to find out more information of the different styles
of Antonio Vivaldi. There was also helpful information about the composer himself. The
opinions of the musical exports were also very helpful.
Selfridge-Field, E.. “Antonio Vivaldi: Thematisch-systematisches Verzeichnis seiner Werke
(RV).” Music Library Association. Dec. 2008. ProQuest. Web. 14 May 2011. This source also
comes from the ProQuest online database. The information given includes the difference in notes
used by Antonio Vivaldi, the musical styles, and characteristics. I chose this source to contribute
to the style of Antonio Vivaldi, and also the different keys, majors, and minors that Vivaldi
chose. This source was also helpful for the opinions given by the musical experts. This source
was also useful in detecting a tone that leaves a Vivaldi signature.
Secondary Sources:
Guides, Rough. The rough guide to classical music. 4th. New York: Rough Guides Limited,
2005. Print. This source is a guide that provides a variety of different types of musical
information. This book features a variety of musicians and terms used in the musical world.
There is also analysis of many musical aspects that were helpful to this project in particular.
Boyden, Matthew, and Nick Kimberley. The rough guide to opera. 3rd. London: Rough Guides
Limited, 2002. Print. This book was helpful because it to was a source that guides you into the
musical world. This was particularly helpful in finding out what there is to know about Operas.
Vivaldi wrote mostly for concert orchestras and groups, but he also wrote operas so I needed to
find out more about them.
Sadie, Stanley, and John Tyrrell. The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians. 26 vols.
London: 2001. Print. This dictionary was helpful because I found out all I needed to know about
the musicians of the Baroque Era. It was also helpful in finding some interesting facts about
Bach because I know that he played a huge part in the life of Antonio Vivaldi. This book not
only featured musicians but also featured interesting information about classical music that really
came in handy.
Nicholas, Jeremy. The Great Composers: The Lives and Music of 50 Great Classical Composers.
Quercus, 2009. Print. This source was very helpful because I found out all I needed to know
about the life of Antonio Vivaldi that I had no know before. I also found out about more of
Vivaldi’s works that I had not known before I read many sections of this book. Again it was also
helping in pin pointing musical techniques that I could use to describe my analysis of my
primary source.
Web Sources:
Sartorius, Michael. Baroque Music. Michael Sartorius, 2011. Web. 14 May 2011. This cite
includes a variety of information on many famous baroque music composers. Antonio Vivaldi,
Sebastian Bach, and many other composers are included. Information shared includes how
certain composers contributed to baroque music, and a little history behind this music style. I
chose this cite because it also featured Bach who is a composer who I know actually worked
with Vivaldi. I also chose this cite so that I could compare other artists to Vivaldi. The cite was
also very helpful in gaining more information on this particular music style.
Rahim, Maqsood A. “Antonio Vivaldi-The Ultimate Legend.” World’s Ultimate. 17 August
2009. Web. 11 May 2011. This article was helpful because at the very beginning there was a
biography on the life of Antonio Vivaldi which was very helpful. Also the article talked a lot
about his operas (which I didn’t know much about). Also, the cite featured the titled of many of
his works.
“The Biography of Antonio Vivaldi.” Classics For Kids. Web. 9 May 2011. This article was
helpful in getting me started on the life of Antonio Vivaldi. It was particularly helpful in creating
the biography of Vivaldi on my wiki. Also, the information was easy to understand and articulate
because the website is for kids, but still it was good information.
Brehaut, Tim. “Antonio Vivaldi.” Hyper Music. 1999-2004. Web. 9 May 2011. This article was
very helpful in maintaining information about the Baroque Era (which kept popping up during
my research). This article was also helpful because it mentioned many of the famous works by
Antonio Vivaldi. This was also helpful in the beginning of the development of my biography on
Antonio Vivaldi.
Multi-Media Sources:
Tk. “Vivaldi - Four Seasons (Winter).” YouTube, 18 Jan. 2008. Web. 14 May 2011. This video
focuses on the section of The Four Seasons known as Winter. The video features the whole
section as opposed to only a few segments. This piece is also performed by the Italian musician
group known as I Musici. I chose this video not only because of my love for the piece, but I also
love the performance. Not only the performance in terms of music, but also the theatric
appearance. This video was also helpful in pin pointing the style of Antonio Vivaldi.
Nguyen, Trung. “Antonio Vivaldi: The Four Seasons, Autumn.” YouTube, 11 Jun. 2008. Web.
15 May 2011. This is a video features the section of The Four Seasons known as Autumn. I chose
this video to show the entire version of this part of the piece as a whole. It was also helpful in
articulating my thoughts and analysis for my primary source.
NaturesBeatingHearts. “ANTONIO VIVALDI~Spring~(full).” YouTube, 20 Oct. 2008. Web. 21
May 2011. This video features the section of The Four Seasons known as Spring. I chose this
video because I wanted to show the full version of Spring. I also chose this because it was
helpful in supporting my analysis of my primary source.
Yervand. “Antonio Vivaldi-The Four Seasons-Summer.” YouTube, 17 Aug. 2008. Web. 23 May
2011. This video features the section of The Four Seasons known as Summer. I chose this video
because I wanted to show the entire version of Summer. I also chose this source because it was
helping in my analysis of my primary soure.
Picture Sources:
"antonio-vivaldi." googleimages. Web. 30 May 2011.
sAQ>. I chose this image because it was the brightest and clearest picture of Antonio Vivaldi I
could find. It is also the most common picture that came up so I could be sure that it was legit.
This picture served as the main picture at the head of the wiki.
"Antonio Vivaldi." googleimages. Web. 30 May 2011.
ih%3D384%26tbm%3Disch%26prmd%3Divnsulob&itbs=1&biw=1126&bih=384>. I chose this
picture because it features Antonio Vivaldi with his violin. I was lucky to find this picture
because there aren’t many like this one. I also used this right above the style and contribution.
"Antonio Vivaldi." googleimages. Web. 30 May 2011.
13,s:17&biw=1126&bih=384>. I used this image because it was helpful because I needed
images of Antonio Vivaldi. I used this image right above his style and contribution. It was also
helpful because it helps give an idea of what Antonio Vivaldi looked like.
Other Sources:
“Antonio Vivaldi.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In
Context. Web. 12 May 2011. I used this source in order to find out more information of the early
life of Antonio Vivaldi. It was helpful because I learned about his family and how he became a
musician. The cite also featured many of the jobs that Antonio Vivaldi had in his life.