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Transcript
Organization of Living Things: Systems of the Body Study Guide
Match and record the information below to the correct system of the body in the table on the following
page.
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Function
Removes wastes from the body
 Allows adults to produce offspring
Allows cells to obtain the nutrients they need
 Works with the reproductive system to cause a
from food that is broken down
person to go through puberty
Moistens and filters air
 Air intake
Takes in oxygen and removes carbon dioxide
 Break down foods for adsorption into the blood
Aids other systems in functions such as releasing  Recognizes, attacks, and destroys foreign cells
wastes and keeping foreign substances out
or substances that may cause disease
Works with the skeletal system to produce
 Serves as an anchor for all of the body’s
movement
movement
Provides support and protects soft organs inside
 Controls body fluid balance, growth, and sexual
the body
development
Works with the integumentary system to help a
 Works with the respiratory and integumentary
person sense and respond to changes in the
systems as part of the excretory system to
environment
remove waste
Protects underlying tissue
 Gas exchange
Transports blood that carries nutrients to and from  Produce hormones that help regulate conditions
the body’s cells
inside the body
Helps in the first part of digestion because
 System of organs that help in the process of
muscles are used to chew food in the mouth
sexual reproduction
Helps to maintain a stable body temperature
veins
Esophagus
Lungs
Skin
Ureter
Stomach
Hormones
Urinary organs
Rectum
capillaries
Ovaries
Bladder
Brain
Arteries
White blood cells
Antibodies
Smooth
B-cells
Striated
Lymph
Organs
Kidneys
Anus
Spinal cord
blood vessels
T-cells
Testes
Heart
Cardiac
Nerves
Compact
Alveoli
Spongy
Tendons
Ligaments
Urethra
Skin (sweat glands)
Lungs (releasing carbon dioxide, CO2)
Small and large intestines
glands such as the pituitary and thyroid
1
Organization of Living Things: Systems of the Body Study Guide
System
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Function
Major Organs
Circulatory
Digestive
Endocrine
Excretory
Immune
Integumentary
Muscular
Nervous
Reproductive
Respiratory
Skeletal
Urinary
2
Organization of Living Things: Systems of the Body Study Guide
13. How do the small intestines, as an organ of the digestive system, serve the needs of cells in the
digestive system? (S7L2d)
14. Sweat is the result of which life functions? (S7L2d)
15. The diagram to the right shows
structures that work together in
an organism. What do the structures
as a whole represent? Explain.
Arteries
Heart
Blood vessels
Veins
(S7L2c)
16. Why is blood considered a tissue in the body? (S7L2c)
17. Explain why which of the following is the most complex: stomach, heart, red blood cell, muscular
system (S7L2c)
18. The diagram to the right illustrates the path of a
response when someone touches a sharp pin that
causes pain. Identify the body systems involved in
their correct order. (S7L2e)
19. Which systems of the human body function
together to move and control body parts? (S7L2e)
20. Explain how the lungs interact with the circulatory system even though they are considered part of
the respiratory system. (S7L2e)
21. When a person is involved in a traumatic situation, some organ systems become active right away,
while other organ systems are limited. Look at the list of systems below and explain which system
would most likely be limited in a traumatic situation while the others become more active. Muscular
system, Digestive system, Endocrine system, and Respiratory system (S7L2e)
3
Organization of Living Things: Systems of the Body Study Guide
22. Plants take in nutrients and water through their roots and then transport these materials to the rest
of the plant. Photosynthesis, which produces glucose, occurs in the leaves of a plant. The glucose is
then transported from the leaves to the rest of the plant. Which system transports nutrients in a similar
way throughout the human body? (S7L2e)
23. The diagram above shows how electricity is transmitted from a power
plant to a house. Explain how this is similar to the nervous system in the
body. (S7L2e)
24. Look at the diagram to the right. If part of the organ shaded was
removed, which system of the body and functions would be immediately
affected? (S7L2e)
.
25. Several body systems must work together so that your body can use food for energy and building
material. Choose three body systems from the list below and describe how those three body systems
work together when you bite into a cracker to change the cracker into a form that can be used by your
body’s cells.
Digestive
Circulatory
Endocrine
Excretory
Muscular
Nervous
Respiratory
4