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Learning outcomes:
1 I can draw and analyze schematic diagrams of circuits.
2.3 Analyzing and Building Electrical Circuits
Engineers and designers of electrical
circuits use symbols to identify components
and connections.
A drawing made with these symbols is
called a schematic or schematic diagram.
All circuits have four basic parts: sources, conductors, switches and loads.
A source provides energy and a supply of electrons for the
A conductor provides a path for current.
A switch controls current flow, turning it on or off, or directing it
into different parts of a circuit.
A load converts electrical energy into some other form of energy.
The conductors, control and protection devices,
loads, and power source are connected with only
one path to ground for current flow.
The resistance of each device can be
The same amount of current will flow
through each.
The voltage across each will be different.
A Series Circuit has only one path to ground, so electrons must go through each component to get back to
ground. All loads are placed in series.
1. An open in the circuit will disable the entire circuit.
2. The voltage divides (shared) between the loads.
3. The current flow is the same throughout the circuit.
4. The resistance of each load can be different.
A parallel circuit has more than one path for current
The same voltage is applied across each
If the load resistance in each branch is the
same, the current in each branch will be the
If the load resistance in each branch is
different, the current in each branch will be different.
If one branch is broken, current will continue flowing to the other branches.
A Parallel Circuit has multiple paths or branches to ground. Therefore:
1. In the event of an open in the circuit in one of the branches, current will continue to flow through the
2. Each branch receives source voltage.
3. Current flow through each branch can be different.
4. The resistance of each branch can be different.
A series-parallel circuit has some components in
series and others in parallel. The power source and
control or protection devices are usually in series; the
loads are usually in parallel.
The same current flows in the series
portion, different currents in the parallel
 The same voltage is applied to parallel
devices, different voltages to series devices.
If the series portion is broken, current stops flowing in the entire circuit.
If a parallel branch is broken, current continues flowing in the series portion and the remaining
Diagram analysis
1. What is the subject?
2. What conclusion can be made with this diagram?
3. What inference can be made with this diagram?
Attached are the rest of the notes on parallel and series circuits.
Answer questions on the attached notes….
Do a few circuits… on Circuit Gizmos! And draw them!