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1. What did Cleisthenes' reforms give to Classical Greece?
Answer: They established institutions that would lead to further democratic reforms.
2. In addition to a common author, the Odyssey and the Iliad both share the same __________.
Answer: Meter; dactylic hexameter.
3. According to Homer, how should a Greek man act in war?
Answer: Hold one's formation in phalanx formation.
4. How did Athens eventually fall from its powerful, prestigious position as the leader of the Delian
Answer: They used the Delian League for their own ambitions and were defeated in the Peloponnesian
5. How did Pericles' creation of misthophoria strengthen Athenian democracy?
Answer: Paid jurors kept the courts full and gave people experience in public life.
6. Which of the following statements is true of Sparta but not Athens?
Answer: All of these (Spartan girls were fed the same food as their brothers; at age 20, the Spartan citizen
began his membership in one of the syssitia; and Sparta was ruled under an oligarchy of two hereditary
7. Which of the following was NOT a result of the Peloponnesian War?
Answer: Previous patterns of brutal Greek warfare became even more entrenched in society.
8. What was the outcome of the Athenian expeditionary force sent to attack Syracuse in Sicily?
Answer: The entire Athenian force was entirely destroyed.
9. How did the discovery of silver in the Laurion aid in Greek efforts against the Persians?
Answer: Mined talents paid for the construction of warships.
10. Which of the following resulted from the Persian Wars?
Answers: All of these (The Delian League was established and Athens rose to unchallenged power; the
Persians never attempted another invasion of Greece after the war; the story of King Leonidas and his 300
Spartans became a famous story of Greek bravery.)
11. For what reason was Socrates purportedly put to death?
Answer: It was impious to investigate things above the heavens and below the earth.
12. What method of philosophical inquiry did Socrates most often employ?
Answer: Question and answer.
13. Which of the following arguments is NOT put forth in Plato's philosophy?
Answer: The only barrier to the ideal city is that people are not willing to let philosopher rule as king.
14. Which of the following is one of Aristotle's achievements?
Answer: He established his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens.
15. How did Hellenization impact the local populations?
Answer: It infused elements of Greek culture into local practices.
16. Why was the period of Alexander's death so chaotic?
Answer: All of these (Alexander's death was sudden, and he had no clear heirs or successors;
Perdiccas wanted to make Alexander's unborn son king, but excluded the infantry in his plans; dissension
and rivalry defined the co-regency of Philip III and Alexander IV.)
17. What might have been Alexander's PRIMARY reason for settling his new cities with veterans of his
Answer: To control the local populations.
18. Which of the following areas of Alexander's empire did Hellenization influence?
Answer: All of these (Ritualized practices; the composition of Alexander's armies; and Alexander's
dynasty and lineage.
19. Which of the following statements regarding Alexander's policies is true?
Answer: They primarily were meant to control conquered peoples, but also spread Greek culture.
20. How did hybrid Hellenistic cultures emerge in the upper echelons of society during the rule of the
Answer: The Diadochi deliberately naturalized themselves to their different regions.
21. Which of the following is an example of Greek influence in Hellenistic culture?
Answer: All of these (The identification of Greek gods with local deities; the common occurrence of
Greek buildings such as the gymnasia; and more realistic portraits on the reverse of coins.
22. How were libraries and museums in Alexandria different from Plato's Academy and Aristotle's
Answer: Alexandria's institutions had the royal patronage of the Ptolemies.