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Transcript
Name:________________________________
Teacher:______________________________
Date:__________________Period:_________
Social Studies World History Unit 06: Scientific and Economic Revolutions
2012­2013_Edited
Testing Date: February 07, 2013
Suggested Duration: 1 Class Period
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.
The British Empire ­ 1914
1 Which conclusion is best supported by information in the map?
A Most of the British Empire was in Europe and the Americas.
B
After colonizing North America, the British went on to control most of South America.
C
The British Empire extended into all of the inhabited continents.
D The British Empire did not extend into Africa.
2 Considered the "brightest jewel in the crown" of the British Empire, which colony was a significant
source of cotton, tea, and silk?
F
1
G
2
H
5
J
6
3 All of the following thinkers were
4 Which of the following is a lasting effect of
associated with the development of
European colonization of Africa?
socialism EXCEPT —
F
a shift to an industrial economy
A Adam Smith G
a decline in communication systems
B
Robert Owen
H
stable and peaceful governments
C
Charles Fourier
J
improved literacy and life expectancy
D Saint­Simon
Page 2
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5 Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.
Her reign of 63 years and 7 months was longer than any other British monarch and the longest of
any female monarch in history. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and
military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British
Empire.
Which British monarch is described?
A Elizabeth I
B
Elizabeth II
C
Victoria
D Katherine
6 How was the British government able to
7 Use the excerpt and your knowledge of
maintain control of its empire during
social studies to answer the following
the 18th and 19th centuries?
question.
F
air power
G
naval power
H
infantry strength
J
proximity to England
Answer: Sometimes they would tap
Question: What means were taken to
keep the children to their work?
them over the head, or nip them over the
nose, or give them a pinch of snuff, or
throw water in their faces, or pull them off
where they were, and job them about to
keep them waking.
—Parliamentary Inquiry, 1838
Why were these child labor conditions
permitted to exist in Britain during the
1800s?
A Children were the only labor available.
B
Children wished to be part of the
factory system.
C
Children were a cheap supply of labor.
D Children were more skilled than adults.
Page 3
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This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
8 Which action directly contributed to the
beginning of the Scientific Revolution in
16th century Europe?
F
Gutenberg invented a printing press.
G
Prince Henry established a navigation
school.
H
Scholars published new theories about
astronomy. J
Explorers introduced new products from
the Americas.
9 The scientific research of Marie Curie has
contributed most to —
A laser eye surgery
B
airport security
C
podcasts and digital media
D computer animation
10
According to the Communist Manifesto,
which social class was exploited by
capitalism?
F
management
G
workers
H
merchants
J
intellectuals
Page 4
GO ON
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
11
Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.
New technology in steam propulsion led to inexpensive ways to transport people, materials, and
finished products by both land and water. Steam power also allowed factories to be moved
nearer to natural resources. This industry led to the creation of new jobs and boosted profits in
agriculture and fishing industries which could now get their products to markets faster. These
new forms of transportation also made it easier for people from rural areas to travel to the
cities for work. All of these led to the expansion of industry in England and parts of Europe
during this era.
This information is a summary of —
A how steam technology led to the creation of jobs
B
how steam technology improved industry and transportation
C
how transportation helped people get back and forth to work easier
D how the expansion of industry led to the Industrial Revolution
12
Adam Smith : _________ :: Karl Marx :
13
Use the excerpt and your knowledge
_________
of social studies to answer the
F
capitalism...market economy
following question.
G
common economy...market economy
H
socialism...capitalism
Russia, the peoples of Asia have
J
capitalism...communism
cherished the hope of shaking off the
Since the day of Japan's victory over
yoke of European oppression, a hope
which has given rise to a series of
independence movements . . .
—Sun Yat­sen, a speech on Pan­
Asianism, 1924
The phrase "European oppression" in the
quotation above refers to which of the
following?
A imperialism
B
nationalism
C
imprisonment
D capture
Page 5
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14
How did imperialism, impact China?
F
G
16
All of the following were long­term effects
China was a major player during the
of the Industrial Revolution on society
age of imperialism taking control of
EXCEPT —
Japan and parts of Korea.
F
worldwide power.
A Chinese Nationalist movement
"opened the door" to trade in the
G
country and brought European cultural
influence to the people.
H
Industrialized nations had more
Children became a permanent part of
the work force.
H
Government became more involved in
European nations and the United
protecting the needs of producers,
States exercised a "sphere of
consumers, and workers.
influence" over China that resulted in
improved trade without a military
J
People had access to public parks,
transportation, and education.
invasion.
J
China is an example of European
occupation that led to a breakdown of
the traditional Chinese economic
system.
15
Use the table and your knowledge of
social studies to answer the following
question.
Effects of British Imperialism on India
Positive
?
Negative
Cultural and racial
discrimination
Improved
Exploitation of
sanitation
resources
Which of the following best completes the
chart?
A Labor unions
B
Universal education
C
Two­party system
D Railroads and improved infrastructure
Page 6
GO ON
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
17
Which of the following summaries provides accurate information related to the political and
cultural developments of the civilizations of Sub­Saharan Africa?
A The colonization of Africa by France, England, and Belgium had a great political and cultural
impact on Africa. Countries were arbitrarily formed regardless of native tribes, communities,
or cultures. Native people were seen as inferior; therefore, Europeans made efforts to force
European religions upon them and to teach them in European ways.
B
The colonization of Africa by France and Belgium was an enormous failure politically. Native
people fought against their control and forced them from their shores, depriving the
European countries of the rich natural resources Africa had to offer. There was little cultural
borrowing between Europeans and native people.
C
The colonization of Africa by the British meant substantial cultural borrowing but had little
political effect. Several countries formed by the British now speak English at various levels.
Great Britain has brought back many examples of African art. Beyond this level of cultural
borrowing, there was very little other impact.
D Colonization of Africa by France, Belgium, and Great Britain had a negative effect on the
people of these countries. Financial resources were expended on the African people, while
people at home suffered through unemployment and a low level of technology. Technological
advances in Africa allowed the tribal people to advance at a faster level than their European
counterparts.
18
All of the following are ideas concerning
free enterprise from the Wealth of Nations
EXCEPT —
F
Free markets are more productive and
beneficial.
G
Free markets are guided by an
"invisible hand."
H
Free markets are controlled by the
goverment.
J
19
Free markets are more efficient.
As a result of discrimination in factories,
women demanded reforms to —
A medical research
B
ethnic differences
C
prison conditions
D labor policies
Page 7
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This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
Use the graphic organizer and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following
two questions.
20
In the web above, which section, if any,
22
Why was the location of the Suez Canal
contains an error in information?
most important to the British during this
F
I
era?
G
II
F
H
III
J
There is no error.
to colonies in Africa and Asia. G
Which of the following could be added to
Section III?
A poor city planning
B
equal distribution of wealth
C
exploitation of mineral resources
The canal brought them money to
acquire resources from Africa.
H
21
The canal gave them quicker access
The canal kept Middle Eastern nations
from declaring war on Britain.
J
The canal increased trade between
the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
D tensions between immigrants and
others in neighborhoods
Page 8
GO ON
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
23
Which of the following is a correct cause
25
Use the excerpt and your knowledge
and effect for the way that free
of social studies to answer the
enterprise affected the Industrial
following question.
Revolution?
A fewer industrialists → rise of the
Steam power – The improved steam
B
merchant class as the major economic
engine invented by James Watt and
group
patented in 1775 was initially used to
increased demand for manufactured
goods → factory system to produce
goods quickly
C
power pumps for pumping water out of
coal mines, but from the 1780s it was
applied to power other types of
machines. This enabled rapid
Manchester School in Britain →
development of efficient semi­automated
promotion of mercantilism policies
factories on a previously unimaginable
D division of labor and tasks → new
artisans and guilds
scale in places where waterpower was
not available.
What was a major effect of the
24
How did Social Darwinism affect the
spread of European imperialism? F
It decreased because Europeans felt
A Railroads became less important.
B
The enclosure system was begun.
imperialism.
C
Coal production increased.
It increased because Europeans
D Small farms increased.
their Christian beliefs would be against
G
development of the steam engine?
wanted raw materials and markets for
their products. H
It increased due to a sense of
superiority among Europeans.
J
It decreased because of the fear of
war with other nations over colonies
and materials. Page 9
GO ON
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
26
Summarize two ways that economics caused political changes during the Industrial Revolution.
1. __________________________________________________ 2. __________________________________________________ 27
How did economic freedoms during the
Industrial Revolution contribute to a
better quality of life?
A Higher wages for workers gave more
purchasing power for family essentials
such as food and shelter.
B
People had a greater choice in their
work life rather than being born into
their work and social status.
C
There was a greater availability of
food and supplies due to
industrialization and improvement in
transportation, allowing families to
plan budgets and expenditures.
D All of the above are true.
Page 10
GO ON
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
Use the political cartoons and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following two
questions.
Page 11
GO ON
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
28
What is a common theme of the three
30
Use the quote and your knowledge of
cartoons above?
social studies to answer the following
F
questoin.
Europeans thought that they each
had a right to control territory not
G
previously colonized in the 17th and
"Finally we shall place the Sun himself at
18th centuries.
the center of the Universe."
Africa and China fought hard against
the intrusion of other countries into
their land.
H
Which scientist is the likely author of the
quote?
F
Galen
borders with an open­door policy while
G
Kepler
Africa was invaded by a coalition of
H
Newton
J
Copernicus
China invited Europeans into their
European countries.
J
Individuals in positions of authority
were able to gain control of various
territories around the world.
29
What is the BEST inference about
the purpose of the cartoon?
A to show that Africa is a really small
challenge to overcome
B
to show the goal of the British Empire
in controlling all of Africa from South
Africa to Egypt
C
to show how one man can buy and
control vast resources even in far
away lands
D to show that Southern Africa is more
important than Northern Africa
Page 12
STOP
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
Test Key
Social Studies World History Unit 06: Scientific and Economic Revolutions 2012-2013
##
Item #
Correct Answer
Primary
SE
Secondary
SE
Obj/Cat
1
SWH1095441D
C
WHS.1(E)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 2
2
SWH1095439D
J
WHS.16(A)
[S]
WHS.16(C)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 3
3
S0WH020301cs
A
WHS.18(C)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 5
4
SWH1095595D
J
WHS.8(D)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 2
5
S0WH020304cs
C
WHS.24(B)
[S]
None
STAAR: World
History 3
6
SWH1095430D
G
WHS.28(B)
[S]
None
STAAR: World
History 5
7
SWH1095464D
C
WHS.24(A)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 3
8
S0WH025295CS
H
WHS.27(D)
[S]
None
STAAR: World
History 5
9
SWH1096549D
B
WHS.28(E)
[S]
None
STAAR: World
History 5
10
SWH1147541D
G
WHS.18(B)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 5
11
SWG020821CS
B
WHS.28(A)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 5
12
SWH1095597D
J
WHS.18(A)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 5
13
SWH1095593D
A
WHS.8(D)
[R]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 2
14
SWH1095425D
H
WHS.8(D)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 2
15
SWH3148683
D
WHS.1(E)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 2
16
SWH1095608D
G
WHS.8(B)
[S]
None
STAAR: World
History 2
17
SWH1095419D
A
WHS.8(D)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 2
18
S0WH020300cs
H
WHS.18(A)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 5
19
S0WH020298cs
D
WHS.17(A)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 5
20
SWH1095589D
J
WHS.1(E)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 2
21
SWH1096817D
C
WHS.1(E)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 2
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
22
S0WH020297cs
F
WHS.16(B)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 3
23
S0WH020295cs
B
WHS.8(E)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 2
24
S0WH020200cs
H
WHS.8(C)
[R]
None
STAAR: World
History 2
25
S0WH020193cs
C
WHS.8(A)
[R]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 2
26
S0WH020299cs
0 to 2
WHS.17(B)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 5
27
S0WH020947CS
D
WHS.18(F)
None
None
28
S0WH020933CS
F
WHS.1(E)
[S]
WHS.30(C)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 2
29
S0WH020934CS
B
WHS.16(C)
[P]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
None
30
SWH1090972D
J
WHS.27(E)
[S]
WHS.29(F)
[P]
STAAR: World
History 5
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.
Scoring Rubrics
26
Students should discuss the move to universal manhood suffrage, election reforms, or ideologies that grew from the
Industrial Revolution, such as Whig and Tory parties with their beliefs.
This document is the property of TESCCC/CSCOPE and as such may not be replicated or changed without permission.