Download Biology Chapter 6 Section 4 Test-The Building Blocks of Life

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Chapter 6 Section 4 Test-The Building Blocks of Life-TEST REVIEW
1. Examples of these large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic molecules are
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids.
2. All organic compounds contain ______________________.
3. These macromolecules provide energy and provide structural support in plants and other cells.
4. These macromolecules store energy, provide steroids, and water proof coatings.
5. These macromolecules transport substances, speed up reactions, provide structural support,
and communicate within and out of the cells.
6. These macromolecules store and communicate genetic information.
7. Examples of these macromolecules include DNA and RNA.
Examples of these macromolecules include fats, oils and waxes.
Examples of these macromolecules that are composed of amino acids include enzymes and
compounds such as hemoglobin.
10. These molecules are formed by
Straight Chain
11. What are saturated fats?
12. What is the structure seen here?
Branched Molecules
Ring Molecules
13. These molecules are examples of
14. Which bond/force joins amino acids together?
15. What substances is make up a nucleotide?
16. Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids are ___________________________.
17. _____________________ are made from amino acids that are joined by _____________ bonds.
18. DNA and RNA are examples of ____________________ __________________.
19. Glycogen, starch, cellulose and chitin are all complex forms of ______________________.
20. There are 20 amino acids.
21. Examples of sources of carbohydrates include apples, pasta, bagels and breads.
22. The units that make up nucleic acids are ribose (5-C) sugar, nitrogen base and phosphate group.
23. The shapes of proteins include helix and pleated (folded), globular and fiber.
24. DNA and RNA contain the nitrogenous bases .
Name the polymer (macromolecule) of the following
25. Monosaccharide
26. Fatty Acid
27. Amino Acid
28. Nucleotide
29. Draw and label an amino acid
A. Peptide B. Amine Group C. Nitrogen Base D. Carboxylic Acid Group AB. Phosphate
Extra Credit. Answer on the back of scantron sheet.
Draw a 6 carbon chain (w/H’s) that would be found in a saturated fatty acid and then draw another 6
carbon chain as it would appear in an unsaturated fatty acid (2 pts)
Name the process that would join two glucose molecules together to form a disaccharide. (1 pt)
Name the products of the reaction (1 pt).
What process would break apart the maltose ( a disaccharide) formed in the reaction in above
question? (1 pt)
What is the name of the “boxed” group of atoms in #30? ( 1pt)
Water has different regions of partial charge. What is the term that denotes this property? ( ½ pt)
Name two characteristics of living organisms. (1 pt)
Cells are organized into ______________________________. ( ½ pt)
Name the three subatomic parts of an atom. (spelled correctly, 1.5 pts)