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Government - Unit 1 Study Guide These are the important facts and concepts studies in Unit 1. How many branches are there in the American government and what are they? Did the Magna Carta increase or reduce the power of English kings? What type of government does the United States have? What type of government does England have? How does a dictator gain power? What is another name for a representative democracy? Know what John Locke belied in. Know what Thomas Hobbes believed in. A legislative body with one branch is called _______ legislature A legislative body with two branches is called _____ legislature How many branches of government did the Articles of Confederation have? What country did America get the idea of representative democracy from? How are dictators different from monarchs? What document established majority rule in America? Which philosopher came up with the three separate branches of government? Which philosopher believed that democracy would not work? Did the Federalist or Anti Federalist want a Bill of Rights added to the Constitution? Which English document developed the idea of trial by jury? Which movement were the philosophers Locke, Hobbes, Montesquieu, and Rousseau part of? What philosophy says a king gets his power from God? What was the first form of government tried in America? Who wanted a strict interpretation of the Constitution, the Federalist or Anti Federalists? What name was given to the delegates who attended the Constitutional Convention? What did the Virginia Plan want representation in the legislative branch based on? What was the purpose of the Federalists papers? What did the New Jersey Plan want representation in the legislative branch based on? What was the purpose of the 3/5ths compromise? Did the Federalist support or oppose the constitution. Name the men who supported the Federalists? Name the men who supported the Anti-federalists? Were the Federalist or Anti Federalist worried the states would lose power if the Constitution was ratified? When the Delegates met in Philadelphia (because the Article of Confederation were not working) what did they decide to do? Name the four characterizes of a state What does the term sovereign mean? Understand the four theories of government. What are “natural” rights listed in the Constitution? What type of government does North Korea have?