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Chapter 9 The Constitution: A More Perfect Union Vocabulary Review
Directions: Match the vocabulary term with its definition. On your sheet of paper, write the
vocabulary term next to the corresponding number.
Vocabulary Term:
interstate commerce
executive branch
majority rule
checks and balances
interest group
judicial branch
President of the United States
popular sovereignty
judicial review
Supreme Court
legislative branch
1.) an organization that actively promotes the view of some part of the public on specific issues
in order to influence government policy.
2.) a basic principle of democracy that says laws are passed by majority vote and elections are
decided by a majority of the voters.
3.) trade and other business dealings between two or more states
4.) is a system of government in which entities such as states or provinces share power with a
national government.
5.) is a change to the U.S. Constitution.
6.) the system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other two
7.) the power of the Supreme Court to decide whether laws and acts made by the legislative and
executive branches are unconstitutional
8.) is the highest federal court of the United States.
9.) the part of government, consisting of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, that
interprets the laws
10.) is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States. The president
leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the
United States Armed Forces.
11.) the part of government that carries out, or executes, the laws
12.) is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of
two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
13.) the lawmaking part of government, called the legislature. To legislate is to make a law.
14.) the idea that the government’s authority comes from the people