Download 17.1 Reconstruction

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Lost Cause of the Confederacy wikipedia , lookup

South Carolina in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Border states (American Civil War) wikipedia , lookup

Gettysburg Address wikipedia , lookup

Tennessee in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Baltimore riot of 1861 wikipedia , lookup

Mississippi in the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Commemoration of the American Civil War on postage stamps wikipedia , lookup

Opposition to the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Assassination of Abraham Lincoln wikipedia , lookup

United Kingdom and the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Union (American Civil War) wikipedia , lookup

United States presidential election, 1860 wikipedia , lookup

Radical Republican wikipedia , lookup

Reconstruction era wikipedia , lookup

Hampton Roads Conference wikipedia , lookup

Issues of the American Civil War wikipedia , lookup

Redeemers wikipedia , lookup

17.1 Reconstruction
December 10, 2012
rebuilding the state and society of Southern states following the Civil War from the remains of war
when complete please respond the the question on a following sheet of paper
Imagine that you have two sons. Your older son has been bullying and fighting your younger son. The older son says he is upset because the younger son gets more attention. You punish your older son, and he responds by running away from home. Before he leaves, he steals $500 from you. What would you do when your son returns? Would you punish him harshly so he won’t do it again, or be lenient with him if he promises not to do it again? Explain your choice.
Two Plans
The same dilemma existed in the US after the Civil War
How do you welcome the South back into the Union?
Should the south be "punished" for trying to leave?
What will happen with the recently freed slaves?
1. Lincoln's plan
a. developed while the war was still going on
b. keep the border states in the Union
­ Proclamation of Amnesty (1863)
­ Wade­Davis Bill (1864)
c. Lincoln did not want to punish the south
d. 10% Rule
How are the rights of freed slaves protected?
Who will be the leader following Lincoln's assassination
2. Johnson's plan
a. deny American/amnesty citizenship to "aristocrats"
b. appointed individuals to setup make­shift governments
c. did little for blacks and voting rights
II. Make the South Pay
a. Thaddeus Stevens idea (from PA)
b. southern institutions needed to be broken up and recreated
c. reduce it all to nothing and build it from scratch
d. Radical Republicanism
III. Wade­Davis Bill of 1864
a. majority of males needed to swear allegiance to US
­ Lincoln's plan was for only 10%
b. former confederates could not hold public office
c. states had to create new consitutions that abolished slavery
d. "ironclad" oath that said they had never supported the Confed.
e. Lincoln refused to sign it
17.1 Reconstruction
December 10, 2012
V. Lincoln Assassinated
IV. Social Reconstruction
A. Freedman's Bureau 1. helped the transition from slavery to freed life
2. distributed food, clothing, education
3. also helped southerners who were loyal to Union
A. John Wilkes Booth
1. Killed at Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth
2. Booth was a southern sympathizer
3. Part of 8­person conspiracy to kill Union officials after the war
4. Sic semper tyrannis "death to tyrants" shouted by Booth after assassination
B. New President
1. Andrew Johnson ­ harsh and strict on former slave owners
2. "only whites should run the south" 3. states had to ratify the 13th Amendmentwhich abolished slavery in order to become a state again
1. How would you define "Reconstruction" and what dates and events would you associate with it?
2. How were the Reconstruction plans of Lincoln and Andrew Johnson different?
3. Compare and contrast Lincoln's plan and the Wade­
Davis Bill
4. Explain the Freedmen's Bureau and those who benefited from it
5. Who was Thaddeus Stevens, where was his from and what was his Reconstruction plan?