Download ZCHS Performing Arts Department 2015-2016

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Microtonal music wikipedia, lookup

Chord (music) wikipedia, lookup

Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony wikipedia, lookup

Schenkerian analysis wikipedia, lookup

Notes inégales wikipedia, lookup

Circle of fifths wikipedia, lookup

Polyrhythm wikipedia, lookup

Quarter-comma meantone wikipedia, lookup

Figured bass wikipedia, lookup

Harmony wikipedia, lookup

Time signature wikipedia, lookup

Just intonation wikipedia, lookup

ZCHS Performing Arts Department 2015‐2016 Final Exam Outline – Spring Semester Advanced Level Each performing arts ensemble will take a semester final exam that will consist of 2 parts: a departmental portion and an ensemble‐
specific portion. Part I of the exam (the departmental portion) will consist of 50 multiple‐choice questions and will be given to all student musicians of the same year/level. Part II of the exam (the ensemble‐specific portion) will be equivalent to 50 additional multiple‐ choice questions and may also include activities such as sight‐singing, playing, singing or dancing tests, essay and/or analysis questions. Each director will create his/her own Part II. The following is a detailed outline of Part I of the spring semester final exam. Advanced Ensemble Exams – Semester II (50 questions) 
Key Signatures (8 questions) 
All major key signatures (on treble and bass clef) 
All relative (natural) minor key signatures (on treble and bass clef) 
Scales (5 questions) 
Spelling the 7 notes of any of the major scales 
Spelling the 7 notes of the natural minor scales 
Interval Identification (6 questions) 
Perfect unisons, fourths, fifths and octaves (on either clef) 
Major seconds, thirds, sixths and sevenths (on either clef) 
Minor seconds, thirds, sixths and sevenths (on either clef) 
Tritones (augmented fourth & diminished fifth) 
Triad Identification (5 questions) 
Major, minor and diminished triads (on either clef) in root position 
Time Signatures (6 questions) 
Simple meters: 4/4, 3/4, 2/2, etc. 
Compound meters: 6/8, 9/8, 6/4, etc. 
Counting divisions of the beat: eighths notes and sixteenth notes 
Counting with ties and dotted rhythms 
Counting triplets 
Vocabulary – advanced (8 questions) 
See vocabulary list provided 
Ear‐training – chromatic intervals (5 questions) 
Identification of ascending intervals if played for the class 
Ear‐training – triads (3 questions) 
Identification of major, minor and diminished triads if played for the class 
Ear‐training – meter & melody (4 questions) 
Identification of a likely meter if played for the class 
Describe a melodic line if played for the class in terms of diatonic and chromatic elements, conjunctive or disjunctive motion, major and minor mode, rhythmic elements, and pitch patterns. Performing Arts Dept.
Vocabulary words
Spring 2016
Workbook #1
Accelerando (accel.): gradually faster
Accent: play the note louder with a special emphasis
Accidental: a flat, sharp or natural sign that appears within a piece of music
Adagio: slow
Allegro: quickly, cheerfully
Andante: moving along (walking speed)
Articulation: the manner in which a note is performed
Bar line: the lines which cross the staff and divide it into measures or bars
Coda: an added ending
Crescendo (cresc.): gradually louder:
D.C. (Da Capo): repeat from the beginning and play to coda, then skip to the coda
D.C. Al Fine: repeat from the beginning and play to the end
Decrescendo (decresc.) : gradually softer
Diminuendo (dim.) : gradually softer
D.S. (Dal segno): repeat from the sign
D.S. Al Coda: repeat from the sign and okay to coda sign, then skip to coda
D.S. Al Fine: repeat from the sign and play to the end
Dynamic signs: indicate the volume, or how soft/loud the music should be performed
Enharmonic notes: two notes that sound the same but are written differently
Fermata: hold the note for longer than it's normal value
Fine: the end
1st and 2nd endings: play or sing through the first ending to the repeat sign, then go back to the beginning.
When repeating, skip the first ending and play the second.
Flat: owers pitch by one half step
Forte: loud
Fortissimo: very loud
Grand staff: the bass staff and treble staff connected by a brace and a line
Half step: the distance from any key on the keyboard to the very next key above or below, whether black or
Largo: very slow
Ledger line: short lines which are added to extend the range of the staff when the notes are too low or too
high to be written on the staff
Legato: to play or sing 2 or more notes smoothly connected
Mezzo: moderately
Mezzo forte: moderately loud
Mezzo piano: moderately soft
Moderato: moderately
Natural sign: he natural sign before a note cancels a previous flat or sharp
Pianissimo: very soft
Piano: soft
Pitch: a musical sound
Repeat sign: return to the beginning or previous repeat sign
Ritardando (rit. Or ritard.): gradually slower
Sforzando: a sudden, strong accent
Slur: smoothly connects two or more notes of different pitches by a curved line over or under the notes
Staccato: play the note short and detached
Tempo: "rate of speed" or how fast or slow to play the music
Tie: two notes of the same pitch joined by a curved line over or under the note. Each note joined by a tie is
held for it's full value but only the first note is played or sing
Time signature
appears at beginning of music, too number tells how many beats per measure, lower number indicates what
type of more receives one beat
Vivace : lively and fast
Workbook #2 & #3
Alla breve: cut time
Augmented interval: when a perfect interval or major interval is made larger by one half step
Chord: three or more notes sounded together
Chromatic Scale: a scale made up entirely of half step in consecutive order
Common time: four four time
Cut time: two two time, two beats per measure, half note gets one beat
Diminished interval: when a perfect or minor interval is made smaller by one half step.
Double flat: lowers a flat note by one half step
Double sharp: raises a sharp note by one half step
Enharmonic keys: keys and scales that sound the same but are written differently
Harmonic interval: Two notes sounded together.
Interval: the distance in pitch between two notes
Key Signature: indicates the notes that will be sharped or flatted each time they appear.
Syncopation: when the accent in a musical passage falls on the weak beat instead of the strong beat
Triad: a three note chord consisting of a root, 3rd and 5th