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Welcome!
The Topic For Today Is Evolution!
Theory of
Evolution
Evidence for
Evolution
DNA and
Mutation
Speciation
Potpourri
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Bonus Question: 5000 pts
Question:
The process whereby modern organisms have
descended from ancient common ancestors
Answer
What is the Theory of Evolution?
Question:
He proposed that giraffes stretched their necks
in order to reach higher foliage and so their
children had longer necks too
Answer
Who is Lemark
Question:
Process by which individuals better suited to
their environment can survive and
reproduce most successfully.
Answer
What is Natural Selection or Survival of the
Fittest
Question:
A process in which humans choose the most
desirable traits of a population for breeding
purposes
Answer
What is Artificial Selection
Question:
Individual differences within a population
Answer
What is Variation?
Question:
This was when Dino’s went extinct
Answer
65 million years
Question:
Structures that have similar embryological
origin and structure but are adapted for
different purposes
(ex: human arm and batwing)
Answer:
Homologous structures
Question: Body parts that have become very
reduced over time
Answer:
What are Vestigial structures
Question:
The early stages of development in
organisms in which there are many
similarities among different species.
Answer
What is Embryology?
Question:
These are four pieces of evidence for evolution
Answer
What are fossil record, embryology, homologies,
biochemistry
Question:
This is what DNA stands for
Answer
What is deoxyribonucleic acid
Question:
DNA is made of these 3 components
Answer
What are deoxyribose/pentose sugar,
phosphate group, nitrogen-containing base
Question:
These two nucleotides prefer each other’s
company over any other
Answer
What are A=T /A=U or C=G
Question:
Mutations in DNA can be one of 3 things:
Answer
What are Neutral, Positive, Negative
Addition, Deletion, Inversion, Translocation, etc.
Missense, Nonsense, Neutral
Question:
Small populations with small gene pools are
likely to experience this leading to fixation of
alleles
Answer
What is Genetic Drift
Question:
A group of living organisms consisting of similar
individuals capable of exchanging genes or
interbreeding
Answer
What is a species
Question:
The “profession” and habitat of an organism
Answer
What is a Niche?
Question:
The process whereby new species emerged
from a primary species
Answer
What is speciation?
Question:
Mountain ranges or streams may lead to this
type of speciation
Answer
What is allopatric or speciation by geographical
isolation
Question:
This occurs as new species evolve to fill novel
ecological niches in new habitat
Answer
What is adaptive radiation?
Question:
A phenomenon in which species suddenly
vanish.
Answer
What is a Mass Extinction?
Question:
This model of evolution suggests that there
were rapid changes in organisms followed by
periods of stasis
Answer
What is punctuated equilibrium
Question:
RNA contains this nucleotide instead of Thymine
Answer
What is Uracil
Question:
This was the ship Darwin sailed on
Answer
What is the HMS Beagle
Question:
Courtship dances and extravagant feathers may
seem like poor adaptations but my be due to
this
Answer
What is sexual selection?
Question:
This contemporary of Darwin had a similar idea
to the Theory of Evolution and his impending
publication spurred Darwin to publish “On The
Origin of Species”
Answer
Who is Alfred Russel Wallace
Daily Double
The Winner Of The Last Round
Write Down How Much Money
You Are Willing To Risk
If You get the Question write you win that money
If you get it wrong you Loss the money!
Daily Double
The Winner Of The Last Round
Write Down How Much Money
You Are Willing To Risk
If You get the Question write you win that money
If you get it wrong you Loss the money!