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Human Origins Day!
• Answer the following questions in the
Warm-up sections of your binder:
• 1) What information can we gather by
studying human origins?
• 2) Do we benefit from this
information? Why or why not?
Class Agenda
Essential Questions
Human Origins Notes
Human Origins Activity
Geography Project
Essential Questions
What is an archaeologist?
What is carbon dating?
How can we describe Homo erectus?
How can we describe Homo sapiens?
What is Stonehenge?
Human Origins in Africa
Where do we come from?
Scientists Search for Origins
• Archaeologists - scientists who learn
about early people by excavating and
studying the traces of early settlements
Scientists Search for Origins
• Evidence
– bones
– artifacts
• tools, jewelry, and other human-made objects
Scientists Search for Origins
• Lucy - the oldest
human, who was
found in Ethiopia
• Carbon Dating - the process of
measuring radioactivity to determine
the age of objects
Scientists Search for Origins
• Stonehenge is an example of an
archaeological site in England
Progress in Paleolithic Age
• Homo Habilis - person with ability
– Lived 2.5-1.5 million years ago
– Appeared in East Africa
– Known as the first toolmaker
• Made first simple stone tools
– hunted and gathered food
Progress in Paleolithic Age
• Homo Erectus – person who walks upright
– 1.8 million to 30,000 years ago
– Hunters and gatherers
– First to walk upright and use fire
– Developed more advanced tools
– The first hominids to move from Africa
• They moved to India, China, and Europe
Dawn of Modern Humans
Homo Sapiens - person who thinks
Lived between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago
first Homo sapiens modern humans
Dawn of Modern Humans
• Neanderthals – first Homo sapiens
– Hunters and gatherers
– Sophisticated tools
– Built temporary shelters
– Planned burials of dead
– Cared for disabled members
Dawn of Modern Humans
• Cro-Magnons – modern humans
– Hunters and gatherers
– Long-distance weapons like spear-throwers
and the bow and arrow
– Planned cooperative big-game hunts
– Advanced skill in spoken language
– Cave paintings