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- page 6 – Span of Human History
The Three Stages of Human Culture
Human Culture is the way people lived, including their arts,
beliefs, inventions, traditions, language, government, and
First Stage: our ancestors lived in the open.
Second Stage: humans learned to use fire, which provided
warmth and light needed for living in rock shelters
Third Stage: Humans learned to farm and lived in
- pg. 4 read introduction
- Draw the Human Family Tree from your text on white
paper (page 16. You will add the following notes to
your diagram.
The Emergence of Humans
Hominids – (human like creatures) began to appear 4
million years ago where it diverged from apes. They
could walk on two feet (bipedalism) and had larger brains.
- Ardipithecus Ramidus – fossils recently found and
position still uncertain. It was believed to have chimplike and human features.
- The Australopithecines
 A. anamensis – located in Kenya. It had
pronounced ape-like teeth.
 A.afarensis – located in Ethopia. “Lucy”, a female
hominid found (3.18 millions years old). Species
unchanged for 900 000 years.
- Travelled in groups, bipedal, males larger, likely
preyed on lacking stone tools and weapons.
 A.africanus – separated into lines
The Stone Age – artifacts made from stone found.
- Homo habilis
 Handy Man
 Africa 2.5 million years ago
 First to use and develop stone tools
- Homo Erectus
 Appeared 2 million years ago
 Walked completely upright
 First to use fire
 Migrated to Europe and Asia from Africa
- Homo sapiens
 “man who thinks”
 Two types: Homo sapiens Neanderthals and Homo
sapiens sapiens (Cro-magnons)