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Section 2 “The Spanish American War Arbitration Jingoism Platt Amendment Sphere of influence Open Door Policy Cuban people rebelled against Spain Spain sent military force Forced people into guarded camps (many died) Cuban rebels wanted U.S. involved Destroyed sugar plantations led to business owners to increase pressure on the government The de Lôme letter ◦ The letter ridiculed McKinley, an outcry in the United States. The explosion of the U.S.S. Maine ◦ Exact cause is unknown but Spain is blamed Preparing in the Philippines ◦ People were rebelling President McKinley asked for declaration of War “Remember the Maine!” recognized Cuban independence Spanish American War http://www.pbs.org/video/2365053190/ http://www.history.com/topics/spanishamerican-war American forces quickly defeated Spanish ◦ Most men died from disease Cuba's independence recognized. For$20 million, Spain also gave up the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the U.S. “unincorporated” territories (not intended for eventual statehood.) Philippines wanted independence (denied by U.S.) Teller amendment (promised not to annex Cuba) Cubans wanted American troops to leave Platt Amendment Hawaii & U.S. had a trade treaty ◦ Important for naval base in Pacific ◦ Monarch overthrown by planters established republic Samoa Open door policy in China ◦ Large market ◦ Give U.S. equal access 1. How did the activities of the United states in Latin America set the stage for war with Spain? 2. How did yellow journalism and jingoism influence Americans’ views of the Cuban rebellion? 3. What were the events leading up to and following the Spanish-American War? 4. How did U.S. policies, such as the Platt Amendment, secure control over its newly acquired territories? 5. What challenges did the United States face after the war? 6. Why did the United States seek to gain influence in the Pacific? 7. In what ways was the Spanish-American War similar to the war between the United States and Mexico in 1846? Annexation of Hawaii http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IeOj9Dt75 pQ Spanish American War (Teddy Roosevelt) http://www.history.com/topics/spanishamerican-war http://video.pbs.org/video/2365053190/ A) the title of a popular play in the late 1800s. B) a slogan used by anti-imperialists C) a political rallying cry about a sunken battleship. D) a song sung by anti-imperialists A) a rebellion in Puerto Rico. B) a Spanish attack on the Philippines C) a rebellion in Cuba. D) Spain’s annexation of the Hawaiian islands. A) pineapples B) sugar cane C) naval stations D) scenery and the tourists industry A) It portrayed the Spanish as "yellow," or cowards. B) It heightened public opinion against Spain. C) It weakened American resolve by portraying the U.S. military as unprepared. D) It provided an accurate and even-handed assessment of the Cuban situation. A) a fanatical dedication to a specific language B) the belief in the use of military force to solve international conflicts C) a movement that sought to persuade people to read the newspaper D) intense national pride and desire for aggressive foreign policy A) important ports in Mexico. B) Puerto Rico and the Philippines C) Panama. D) a large section of China China's huge population and its vast markets became increasingly important to American trade by the late 1800s. The de Lôme letter, which described McKinley as “weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd,” caused no outcry in the United States. In the treaty, the Spanish government recognized Cuba's independence. In return for a payment of $20 million, Spain also gave up the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and the Pacific island of Guam to the United States. Their sensational headlines and stories, known as yellow journalism, whipped up American public opinion in favor of the Spain.