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Effects of
Smoking
Tobacco Deaths
 The
adverse health effects from cigarette
smoking account for an estimated
443,000 deaths, or nearly one of every five
deaths, each year in the United States.
 More deaths are caused each year by
tobacco use than by all deaths from HIV,
illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor
vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders
combined.
Health Facts for Teens

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Girls who smoke are more likely to grow excess
facial hair.
Smoking as few as 5 cigarettes a day can reduce
teens' lung function growth, with teenage girls
being especially vulnerable.
40% of teenagers who smoke daily have tried to
quit and failed.
About 2/3 of teen smokers say they want to quit
smoking, and 70% say they would not have started
if they could choose again.
44% of teens say they didn't know bidi cigarettes
could lead to cancer.
Health Facts for Teens Cont.

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Teens who smoke produce twice as much phlegm as
teens who don't.
Teens who smoke break out more.
Zits last longer for teens who smoke.
Kids who smoke 2 or 3 cigarettes a day can get
hooked in as short as two weeks.
Teens who smoke are more likely to catch a cold
than people who don't - and their symptoms will
probably be worse and last longer.
Teenagers who smoke use more medications than
those who do not smoke.
Teenagers who smoke have significantly more
trouble sleeping than those who do not smoke.
Short-Term Effects
 Increase
blood pressure
 Increase heart rate
 Bad breath
 Yellow and brown stained teeth and
fingers
 Smelly clothes, car, furniture and homes.
Long-Term Effects
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Heart disease
Emphysema
Cancer of the mouth, lung, esophagus
Chronic lung disease (smokers’ lungs turn black as they
become clogged with smoke and the debris inhaled with
the incinerating tobacco)
Decreased levels of physical activity (due to shortness of
breath) and consequently obesity
Miscarriages and small, premature babies who often
require respiratory machines to help them breathe
Impotence
Wrinkled skin
Weakened immune system
Chronic cough
How Smoking
Affects Your Body

BRAIN


Pleasure & Then Sedation
Nicotine, the highly addictive chemical in cigarettes and
tobacco, stimulates the “pleasure centers” in the brain–
creating pleasure and alertness. Nicotine initially
stimulates the brain, then acts as a tranquilizer and
sedative.
Brain Alteration, withdrawal, and addiction
Nicotine directly affects, alters, and takes control of
specialized receptor cells in the brain responsible for
regulating well-being, mood, and memory. The drug
remains active 20-40 minutes, then withdrawal symptoms
begin. Regular and long-term use leads to addiction.

THROAT


HEART
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Cancer of larynx and esophagus, irritates
membranes of the throat.
Nicotine raises heart rate, increases blood
pressure, and constricts blood vessels.
Carbon monoxide increases risk of heart attack
and stroke
Cause weakening of the heart muscle’s ability to
pump blood, leading to death
LIVER

Cirrhosis of the liver

ADRENAL GLANDS
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VERTEBRAE
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Stimulates adrenaline
Increased risk of vertebral cancer
REPORDUCTIVE ORGANS


MALE & FEMALE
Reduces sex drive and increases risk of impotence in
males. In females, increased chance of cervical cancer,
and brings on menopause earlier.
PREGNANCY AND UNBORN BABIES
Smoking increases chances of complications during
pregnancy.
Smoking during pregnancy may cause impairment of
baby’s growth, intellect, and emotional development.

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
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Heart rate goes up 15-20 beats per minute
Increases blood pressure
Reduces sex drive
Irritates mouth and throat
Major cause of heart attack, lung diseases, stroke, and
death
MOUTH
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Dulls taste buds, irritates membranes of the mouth,
bleeding and receding gums, foul breath, and
numbness.
Staining of teeth, tooth decay and tooth loss
Cancer of the mouth
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LUNGS
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STOMACH & DUODENUM
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Asthma
Emphysema
Chronic bronchitis
Lung cancer
Stomach and duodenal ulcers develop, creating
burning pain
KIDNEYS
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Reduces kidneys’ ability to process fluids and
waste, inhibiting formation of urine
Cancer
 BLOOD

VESSELS
Nicotine causes the blood vessels to
constrict, increasing blood pressure, and risk
of heart attack
 BLADDER

Cancer of the bladder
 BONES

Increases the risk of early onset of
Osteoporosis
Cigarettes
 Studies
have proven that smoking
cigarettes causes cancers of the bladder,
oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus,
cervix, kidney, lung, pancreas, and
stomach, and causes acute myeloid
leukemia. It also causes heart disease and
stroke.
Cigars, Cigarillos and Little
Cigars
 Studies
have shown that cigar smoking is
linked to cancers of the mouth, lips,
tongue, throat, larynx, lung, pancreas and
bladder cancer. Cigar smoking, like
cigarette smoking, is also linked to gum
disease, where the gums shrink away from
the teeth. It also raises your risk that teeth
will actually fall out.
Smokeless Tobacco
 Smokeless
tobacco contains 28 cancercausing agents (carcinogens). It increases
the risk of developing cancer of the oral
cavity, is strongly associated with
leukoplakia (a lesion of the soft tissue in
the mouth that consists of a white patch
or plaque that cannot be scraped off)
and recession of the gums.
Hookah

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Hookah smoking has been associated with
lung, mouth and other cancers, heart disease
and respiratory infections.
The substances used to heat the tobacco
also produce carbon monoxide, heavy
metals and cancer causing chemicals,
creating it own health hazards.
Sharing the mouthpiece of the Hookah has
been associated with mouth and other
infections including herpes, tuberculosis and
hepatitis.
Bidis
 Bidi
smoking is associated with an
increased risk for oral, lung, stomach, and
esophageal cancer and an increased risk
for coronary heart disease and heart
attacks, and risk for chronic bronchitis.
 Can be flavored (chocolate, licorice,
cherry, mango) or unflavored.
Electronic cigarette or Ecigarette
 Recent
studies by the FDA show that the
e-cigarette contains known carcinogens
and toxic chemicals that are harmful to
the user.