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Effects of Smoking Tobacco Deaths The adverse health effects from cigarette smoking account for an estimated 443,000 deaths, or nearly one of every five deaths, each year in the United States. More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from HIV, illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined. Health Facts for Teens Girls who smoke are more likely to grow excess facial hair. Smoking as few as 5 cigarettes a day can reduce teens' lung function growth, with teenage girls being especially vulnerable. 40% of teenagers who smoke daily have tried to quit and failed. About 2/3 of teen smokers say they want to quit smoking, and 70% say they would not have started if they could choose again. 44% of teens say they didn't know bidi cigarettes could lead to cancer. Health Facts for Teens Cont. Teens who smoke produce twice as much phlegm as teens who don't. Teens who smoke break out more. Zits last longer for teens who smoke. Kids who smoke 2 or 3 cigarettes a day can get hooked in as short as two weeks. Teens who smoke are more likely to catch a cold than people who don't - and their symptoms will probably be worse and last longer. Teenagers who smoke use more medications than those who do not smoke. Teenagers who smoke have significantly more trouble sleeping than those who do not smoke. Short-Term Effects Increase blood pressure Increase heart rate Bad breath Yellow and brown stained teeth and fingers Smelly clothes, car, furniture and homes. Long-Term Effects Heart disease Emphysema Cancer of the mouth, lung, esophagus Chronic lung disease (smokers’ lungs turn black as they become clogged with smoke and the debris inhaled with the incinerating tobacco) Decreased levels of physical activity (due to shortness of breath) and consequently obesity Miscarriages and small, premature babies who often require respiratory machines to help them breathe Impotence Wrinkled skin Weakened immune system Chronic cough How Smoking Affects Your Body BRAIN Pleasure & Then Sedation Nicotine, the highly addictive chemical in cigarettes and tobacco, stimulates the “pleasure centers” in the brain– creating pleasure and alertness. Nicotine initially stimulates the brain, then acts as a tranquilizer and sedative. Brain Alteration, withdrawal, and addiction Nicotine directly affects, alters, and takes control of specialized receptor cells in the brain responsible for regulating well-being, mood, and memory. The drug remains active 20-40 minutes, then withdrawal symptoms begin. Regular and long-term use leads to addiction. THROAT HEART Cancer of larynx and esophagus, irritates membranes of the throat. Nicotine raises heart rate, increases blood pressure, and constricts blood vessels. Carbon monoxide increases risk of heart attack and stroke Cause weakening of the heart muscle’s ability to pump blood, leading to death LIVER Cirrhosis of the liver ADRENAL GLANDS VERTEBRAE Stimulates adrenaline Increased risk of vertebral cancer REPORDUCTIVE ORGANS MALE & FEMALE Reduces sex drive and increases risk of impotence in males. In females, increased chance of cervical cancer, and brings on menopause earlier. PREGNANCY AND UNBORN BABIES Smoking increases chances of complications during pregnancy. Smoking during pregnancy may cause impairment of baby’s growth, intellect, and emotional development. CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Heart rate goes up 15-20 beats per minute Increases blood pressure Reduces sex drive Irritates mouth and throat Major cause of heart attack, lung diseases, stroke, and death MOUTH Dulls taste buds, irritates membranes of the mouth, bleeding and receding gums, foul breath, and numbness. Staining of teeth, tooth decay and tooth loss Cancer of the mouth LUNGS STOMACH & DUODENUM Asthma Emphysema Chronic bronchitis Lung cancer Stomach and duodenal ulcers develop, creating burning pain KIDNEYS Reduces kidneys’ ability to process fluids and waste, inhibiting formation of urine Cancer BLOOD VESSELS Nicotine causes the blood vessels to constrict, increasing blood pressure, and risk of heart attack BLADDER Cancer of the bladder BONES Increases the risk of early onset of Osteoporosis Cigarettes Studies have proven that smoking cigarettes causes cancers of the bladder, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, cervix, kidney, lung, pancreas, and stomach, and causes acute myeloid leukemia. It also causes heart disease and stroke. Cigars, Cigarillos and Little Cigars Studies have shown that cigar smoking is linked to cancers of the mouth, lips, tongue, throat, larynx, lung, pancreas and bladder cancer. Cigar smoking, like cigarette smoking, is also linked to gum disease, where the gums shrink away from the teeth. It also raises your risk that teeth will actually fall out. Smokeless Tobacco Smokeless tobacco contains 28 cancercausing agents (carcinogens). It increases the risk of developing cancer of the oral cavity, is strongly associated with leukoplakia (a lesion of the soft tissue in the mouth that consists of a white patch or plaque that cannot be scraped off) and recession of the gums. Hookah Hookah smoking has been associated with lung, mouth and other cancers, heart disease and respiratory infections. The substances used to heat the tobacco also produce carbon monoxide, heavy metals and cancer causing chemicals, creating it own health hazards. Sharing the mouthpiece of the Hookah has been associated with mouth and other infections including herpes, tuberculosis and hepatitis. Bidis Bidi smoking is associated with an increased risk for oral, lung, stomach, and esophageal cancer and an increased risk for coronary heart disease and heart attacks, and risk for chronic bronchitis. Can be flavored (chocolate, licorice, cherry, mango) or unflavored. Electronic cigarette or Ecigarette Recent studies by the FDA show that the e-cigarette contains known carcinogens and toxic chemicals that are harmful to the user.